GCSE EDEXCEL UNIT 2: PEOPLE AND THE PLANET (higher tier)

GCSE EDEXCEL UNIT 2: PEOPLE AND THE PLANET (higher tier)

SECTION B 

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  • Created by: Jack
  • Created on: 22-12-11 20:44

Ester Boserup's theory of increasing population

"Necessity is the Mother of Invention"

When a problem arises for the human race, the human race will inturn create an invention / process / scheme to prevent or stop this problem.
In contrast to Malthus's theory.

 "The power of ingenuity would always outmatch that of demand" 

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Thomas Malthus's theory of increasing population

That the rate of population increase is greater than the rate of food supply. Therefore meaning that there will not be enough food to supply the human race. 

He believed the planet would become overpopulated, and this would have to be resolved by war, famine or disease. 

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Why some countries, such as Botswana and Ghana, ha

Cultural beliefs for examples some religions don't allow birth control. 

To provide for the family, free labour. Or to care for older members of the family or themselves as healthcare is expensive.  

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Problems for countries with ageing populations

High costs of healthcare for the elderly.

More money will be issued in the forms of pensions, which increases taxations for the rest of the country.

Economic decline, lower number of working people in the country.

Reduction in benefits for the elderly.

Political issues, such as raising the pension age. 

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Consuming Resources

More economically developed countries can afford electricity for personal and industrial use. However in Less economically developed countries they fall more reliant of fossil fuels such as wood, charcoal & plant waste etc. as this tends to be cheaper. 

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