GCSE AQA anthology (poems from: duffy, armitage, pre-1914)

GCSE AQA anthology (poems from: duffy, armitage, pre-1914)

HideShow resource information

on my first sonne by ben jonson

this is a simple poem about a father who is mourning the death of his seven year-old son. the poem is the fathers way of saying goodbye to his son.

lines-1-14 the man says goodbye to his 7yr old son who has just died

lines 5-8  he says he envies his son because in heaven you don't have to deal with all the horrible things that happen in life.

lines 9-12 Ben Jonson says that his son was the best ever creation. he decided that in the future he wont love anyone as much as he love his son so he wont get up set if they die.

three types of language: pride and affection (poet is fond of his son written as if he i talking directly to him makes it personal and help imagine the poets feelings) metaphorical language (a metaphor about debt and money explains how his son died  he son was lent to him for 7 yrs and now he has to pay his debt back through his son) and comments about death (poet is sad but also says early death is good as don't have to go through old age and suffer)

feelings in the poem: grief ( poet is upset) uncertainty(poet wonders whether is is better to be dead or alive) pain (he so devastated by his sons death that he decides never to love anyone again as he don't want to suffer like this again)

1 of 10

sonnet 130 by william shakespeare

shakespeare spends most of the poem criticising his lover- she is not beautiful, she smells, her hairs course like wire... then he turns it all around by saying he loves her anyway.

lines 1-4 makes blunt, critical statements about how his mistress looks she dosent match up to elizabethan times.

lines 5-12 he lists more beautiful things such as roses, music, perfuem goddesses but then explains she isnt like this either. on line 9 though he starts to become apparent that he does like her realy

lines 13-14 on the final rhymeing couplet he says that he think his mistress is great as good as any other women.

the three types of language: subversion of tradional images of beauty (the lines sound like they are going to be about traditonal images of womens beuty but he goes against the readers expectations by saying that his mistress isnt like these images- she is bautiful in a more genuine way)critical lanfuage(sounds pretty scathing about his misstres in the first part of the poem) sonnet form (traddional sonnet form, has 14 lines and is in iambic pemtameters dosent rhyme but has 10 sylabbles per line sonnets are often used for love poetry)

fellings and attiudes: subversion (he is haveing fun with the poem) contempt(he is preety insulting about the woman looks voice and smell in the 1st part of the poem) love( at the end the message seems to be ''i love her warts and all. i dont need to pretend she a goddess'')

2 of 10

my last duchess by robert browning

in the poem the duke is talking to a visitor about a portrait of his wife, who is now dead. he really likes the pic but then goes on about how she used to smile and have a laugh with everyone and this annoyed him.

line 1-5 the duke points out the portrait of the duchess to a visitor he is very proud of.

lines 5-13 he says people always ask him about the passionate expression on the duchess face.

lines 13-21 the duke says the duchess;s flirty expression wasn't reserved just for him.

line 21-34 he says she smiled at everyone, he is annoyed that at she treated him just like everyone else.

line 34-43 he said it would of be wrong to criticise her for her behaviour.

line 43-47the duke and he guest walk away from the painting. the duke reveals he is planning to get married again this time to the daughter of a count,

four types of language: jealous language ( what he say at first sounds innocent at first but we read hidden meanings were he reveals jealousy e.g by saying she smiled allot suggested she was a flirt) sinister language (he says stuff that make him sound sinister there is a dark side to him and that he might of killed his wife) language about power (he needs power and control and sees her as another possession) formal language (he is polite and uses it to cover up some pretty nasty suspicious things)

feelings in the poem: pride (he is proud of his possessions and status) jealousy ( he couldn't stand the way the duchess treated him no better than anyone else) power (enjoys control over the painting he did not have the over of her when she was alive)

3 of 10

The laboratory by robert bowing

set in France back in the days were posh people lived at the kings court. this women is at the drug shop to get poison so she can kill he lovers mistress and some other wommen who she reckons are after her lover.

lines 1-4the woman talks to the chemist while he mixes the poison in his workshop.

lines 5-8her lover is with another woman and they thinks she is at church crying- but she is not.

lines 9-20 she watches and say how beautiful the poison looks. she wants all of them.

lines 21-24 she plans to poison 2 other women at the kings courts

lines 25-28 she tells the chemist to make the poison brighter to make her lovers mistress drink it.

lines 29-32 she says there is not anough poison to kill the  mistress she is too big and strong.

lines 33-40 last night she felt she could kill the mistress by looking at her she wants her to die painfully

lines 41-48 she so grateful to the chemist she offers to kiss him. she now is off to use the poison.

three types of language: violent language ( she is merciless about taking revenge she want the woman's death to be horrible and painful) imagery (for all the nastiness she can be very eloquent with her descriptions) obsessive language ( gives up all her wealth and possessions for the poison nothing else matters to her and get excited by revenge)

feelings and attitude in the poem: obsession (she is obsessed with the thought of getting revenge) single mindedness (revenge is all that matters to her) immortality (she knnows what she is doing is wrong but she is doing it anyway and don't care)

4 of 10

havisham by Carol ann duffy

miss Hashim was a character in ''great expectations'' by Charles dickens. she was jilted on her weeding day and ended up going mad staying in her wedding dress for years with the rotting cake in her room.

lines 1-4 havisham's dead angry she wants to kill the man who jilted her.

lines 5-9 she describes the weird things she does- like staying in bed all day screaming and always wearing her old manky wedding dress.

lines 9-12 she says that she sometimes dream there is a man in her bed with her then wakes up abruptly.

lines 12-16  she tells us that she stabbed the cake but really wanted to stab a man.

three types of language: violent language (she want revenge she wants to take out her anger out on a man but settles for the wedding cake) reflective language (signs that she hasn't all ways been a nutter at times she reflects on how she become like she has and we see a sensitive side) wedding-related language ( images of weddings but no sing of love and happiness but bitterness and violent streak)

feelings and attitudes in the poem: anger (she is really angry with the man who jilted her and men in general) bitterness (she very bitter about it too she want to get revenge) sadness (she is also very unhappy she use violence to cover this up though)

5 of 10

anne hathaway by carol ann duffy

Duffy writes as shakespeare wife Ann Hathaway. like many love poems written by him it is a sonnet. the poem is about what went on in the ''second best bed'' he left her in his will.

lines 1-7 Anne describes her memories of the bed. has fond memories of her passionate love with her husband, she compares his love to the word in his poems

lines 8-10 she seems to see their love as one of shakespeare's plays

lines 11-14 their guest time in the better bed seem inferior to the love between Anne and shakespeare. she says she will always remember the love between the in that bed.

two types of language: romantic language (some traditional romantic metaphors this shows how precious Ann's time with her husband was. some of her language reminds us of his poetry of speeches.) references to plays and poems (she compares the way her husband loved her to his writing methods like rhyming and assonance are mentioned. their love was so intense it seemed poetic she felt like she was in a play)

feelings and attitudes in the poem: fondness (she has fond memories of him) excitement (she is excited just remembering what it was like being with him) fantasy (she feels like they had there own world were it was all magical)

6 of 10

before you were mine by carol ann duffy

poet talks to her mother about the 10yrs before the poets birth. she imagines her mum led  a fun-filled life. but that all changed when she came around and that the poet took away the freedom of her mother.

lines 1-5 poet describes her mum haveing fun with friends. she compares her to marilyn monroe.

lines 6-11 her mum stayed out late danceing not being put of being told off by her own mum, the poet say her mother was happiest the 10yrs before she came along.

lines 12-15 the poet rembers glimpess of her mums fun loveing past from when she was a child.

lines 16-20 she rmebers her mum teaching her to dance. she wanted her to be like this more often but realises she was only rely fun-loveing and galmourous before she was born.

three tyrpe of language: exciting language (there are loads of words and phrases wich describe how exciting fun and glamouousthe poets mums lifewas before she was born) possesive language ( it seems when the poet was born she took control of her mum so she could not be free any more) language about time (there is a veary clear vision between the time before the poet wad born and after she was born when her mums glamours life came to an end)

feelings and attuides in the poem: admiration (the poert admiers her mums headstronf reblious aproach to life) nostagia( she whishes her mum was still fun loveing and carefree) self-criticism( the poet seems to criticise herself for takeing away her mums freedom)

7 of 10

stealing by carol ann duffy

the rather strange character in the poem remembers stealing a snowman, then he/she describes stealing lots of other things because he/she was bored.

lines 1-10 the character in the poem remembers stealing a snowman one nigh bit by bit.. this seems to have been for company and also to make the children who made it cry!

lines 11-15 the character descibes stealing cars, camrea and other things and getting a thrill from it.

lines 16-20 the character could not put the snowman back together properly- so he/she has destroyed it

lines 21-25 the character says he/she steels because of boredom but cant seem to explain it properly.

three types of language: conversational language( feels like the character is talking directly to us the chatty tone of voice shows how casual he is about stealing.) similes and metaphors (there's also so descriptive language which contrast with normally down to earth tone) sound effects (the irregular rhymes sometimes between words on the same line and alliteration draw the readers attention to certain combinations of words.)

feelings and attitudes in the poem: enthusiasm (at the start of the poem the thief enthusiastic about explain why he/she steals things) Boredom (by the end loneliness and boredom takes over) frustration (he/she is frustrated and angry when destroying the snow) futility ( at the end he/she feels the whole attempt to explain it is futile)

8 of 10

homecoming by simon armatage

this is a pretty confusing poem because it is not clear whats happening. ther are some hazy memories sneaking about getting told off. a yellow jacket it described which seems to be a metaphor for people changing over time.

lines 1-4 the poet describes and exercise where people learn to trust someone

lines 5-11 a yellow jacket lies on the floor somewhere getting trampled on. then someone probably a young woman gets told off by their mum for doing something wrong

lines 12-17 the same person sneaks of again this time to a phone box. a dark figur waits by a gate

line 18-23 the different parts of the yellow jacket are described as if they are parts of someones body it seems that the person hasn't changed much as it still fits.

three types of language: ambiguous language (lots of the images and description of the poem are ambiguous we are not sure what they mean) colour (most of the images in the poem are dark and shadowy reinforcement the vague and uncertain natuer of the poem. the brought yellow jacket stands out) metaphorical language ( yellow jacket become a metaphor possibly for behaviour ot personality the jacket still fits so the poet has not changed

9 of 10

kid by simon armatiage

this poem use batman and his sidekick robin to stand for a young person who's been deserted by the person who is supposed to look after him .now robin is taking revenge by showing batman wasn't such a hero after all.

lines 1-5 robin (the narrator) is angry they batman left him to fend for himself when He wasn't ready. but now robins taking control of his life.

line 6-13 robin takes ppleasure in revealing what batman was realy like takeing out a married woman and claiming the money back from work.

lines 14-18 robin says he not going to be batman's sidekick any more. he has grown up got rid of his silly costume and got some popper clothes

lines 19-24 robin imagines batman falling on hard times and gloats when he pitchers him struggling.

three types of language: language about loneliness (at first robin describes his own loneliness but by the end of batman whose on his own in robins imagination at least.) cliches ( there are a lot of commomly used used phrases come from the batman comics.) bitterness and sarcasm (robins bitter and annoyed that everyone thinks batman was so great this is what make him deter mind to get revenge by revealing the truth about him)

feelings and attitudes in the poem: anger (robin is angry and bitter that batman deserted him) defiance (but he feels more confident NOW he defiant when he says he has turned the corner) pride (robins proud of his new found independence) pleasure (he enjoys dishing the dirt on batman and takes pleasure form the idea of batman being sad and alone.

10 of 10


No comments have yet been made

Similar English Literature resources:

See all English Literature resources »See all AQA Anthology resources »