GCSE OCR Geography Case Study

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Basic Details of the Aid Project

In the Babati District, North Tanzania

Aim to improve household nutrition and income for villagers

Goats given for free and profit for dairy goat farmers have risen

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Impacts of the Project

Social Benefits:

  • Feed family to have a more nutritious diet
  • 3 litres of milk produced by Toggenburg goats for families
  • Able to teach people to use land better and help look after the goats

Economic Benefits:

  • 25% of income spent paying school fees
  • Profit for goat farmers has risen in crop production/animals/businees activities
  • Percentage (%) of income spent between uses such as paying bills/buying land etc.

Environmental Benefits:

  • People trained to farm Africa on doing goat management and breeding
  • Cost of goat is £400 but given for free to help farming resources
  • Example of a bottom-up aid project
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How sustainable is the aid project?

Milk from goats gives family a nutritious diet and manure to improve crop growth

Goat gives 16 kids on average each year. Sell goats for money

Meat for families can be afforded

Dairy goat groups formed to use goats milk

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Criticisms of the Aid Project

Goats require lots of water

Goats hooves cause grazing and damages crops to cause desertification

Veterinary bills can be expensive if goats get sick/ill

Small scale projects are not ambitious enough + have little impact on country's food security

Number of animals have increased poverty

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