GCSE Music key words

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  • Created by: Hannah50
  • Created on: 10-03-16 13:03

Tessitura

The range of an instrument or voice

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Chromatic

Using notes not belonging to the diatonic scale

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Diatonic

Using notes that are part of the key of the piece

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Melismatic

Single syllable of text moving between different notes

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Cadence

A sequence of notes of chords compromising the end of a phrase

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Atonal

No key and no cadences

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Dominant

The 5th degree of the diatonic scale

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Whole-tone

An interval of two semitones

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Seventh Chord

A chord with a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chord's root

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Harmonic rhythm

The rate at which the harmony changes

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Transposition

Moving a collection of notes up or down by the same pitch

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Monophonic

A single musical line with no accompaniment

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Homophonic

A melody with an accompaniment

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Heterophonic

The simultaneos performance of a single line

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Homorhythmic

Same rhythm in all parts

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Polyphonic

Two or more independent lines playing simultaneosly

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Unison

The combination of parts

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Rondo form

ABACA

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Sonato form

1. Exposition

2. Development

3. Recap

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Free rondo form

ABA'CA''

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Conjunct

When the melody is in steps 

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Sonata form

1. Exposition

2. Development

3. Recap

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Ternary

ABA

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Heterophonic

The simultaneous variation of a single melodic line

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Step

The interval between two consecutive scale degrees

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Leap

Larger intervals 

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Modal

Modal music is in a mode. A mode is a seven-note scale

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Octaves

In music, an octave or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency

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