What is Eco-tourism!?
Eco-tourism is environmentally friendly tourism, where the people who are involved
seek to protect the surrounding the environment (in this case, Galapagos.) and
allow for a certain level of education as well.
How is Eco-tourism used on the Galapagos Islands!?
In many cases of Eco-tourism, some of the profits made go back to the
environment and the tourism is small scale, tourists can only visit on small ships,
most of which are owned by local people, of around 10 - 16 visitors. The tourists
can only visit a limited number of places on the Islands, thus protecting the rest of
the Islands. A very limited amount of visitors per trip. Visitors also have to pay a
£25 fee to promote the conservation work on the Islands.
Potential problem's caused by Eco/Sustainable tour
The overuse of some sites (honey pot), oil spills from boats and pollution to the
Islands water supply and this supply is put under pressure from the tourists use of
it. Animals are stressed by large numbers of visitors and abandon
their eggs or their young. Tourists require services such as hotels, restaurants,
tourist information centres, guides, transport etc.. which has created a lot of
building so the land use has changed from forest to small urban areas
Traffic congestion and a high density of people at tourist attractions causes conflict
with local people
How does Eco-tourism benefit local communities/peo
Local people can make a valuable living from tourism and there are few other
employment opportunities available due to the remoteness of each Island. Tourists
also generate businesses in the local economy; guides, restraints, hotels, boat
owners and cleaners, these are all valued in order to make the Eco/sustainable
tourism plan work and for the Islands to benefit from it; also, the jobs available don't
need much education (being a guide would require local knowledge and
experience) so are obtainable by all the inhabitants.
Farming and industry is restricted because the environment is so fragile, but
people still need to work to earn a living. Eco-tourism will allow local people to
work, but also protect the environment, by taking part in community tourism.