G674 Key Thinkers

Seidler- Post- Modernist 1989/1994

  • Men fear the consequences of being emotional
  • Emotions have no place in the workplace
  • Masculinity is closely related to Enlightenment 
  • Knowledge can only come from reason and rationality
  • Women are closer to nature and more emotional
  • The association of men contribute to male patricarchal power
  • Men are more likely to tell their female partners that they are being irrational and emotional
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Seidler: Post modernist- 1989/1994

  • Men fear the consequences of being emotional
  • Emotions have no place in the workplace
  • Masculinity is closely related to Enlightenment 
  • Knowledge can only come from reason and rationality
  • Women are closer to nature and more emotional
  • The association of men contribute to male patricarchal power
  • Men are more likely to tell their female partners that they are being irrational and emotional
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Mirza: Black feminist- 1997

  • Black feminists can contribute to knowledge and ideas on feminism
  • They can change the way black Britsh women are viewed as passive victims of racism, patriarchy and class inequality. 
  • Black women are believe to come from the third world
  • They try to overcome domestic violence. Sexism and racism in schools. 
  • Developed alternative family forms
  • And challenge the activities of police and immigration authorities.
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Hartmann: Marxist feminist- 1981

  • Marxism cannot explain gender inequalities
  • Marxism does not explain why women have lower paid jobs outside the home and yet they still carry out the majority of domestic work
  • She sees society as patriarchal. 
  • Patricarchy is maintained throught the way men control women's labour power.
  • Women who are married become their husbands property
  • Patricarchy and capitalism are closely linked
  • Increasing participiation of women in work today has made them slightly less dependent on men, but wages tend to be too low to give them true independence
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Oakley: Feminist- 1981

  • Children are socialised into gender roles
  • Manipulation
  • Canalisation- Childrens gender interests dolls/cars
  • Verbal Appellations- Gender nicknames
  • Different activities- Girls helping mother do cooking and boys going outsider
  • The family is the most important influence on gender inequality
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Firestone: Radical feminist

  • Gender inequality originated in the patriarchal societal structures imposed on women through their biology.
  • The physical, social and psychological disadvantages imposed by pregnancy, child birth and subsequent child-rearing. 
  • She describes pregnancy as barbaric.
  • She argued that a patricarchal society would come back due to fertility treatments and family types.
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Abbot et al: Radical feminist- 2005

  • Sociology is dominated by men and patriarchal ideology.
  • Social constructions have influenced persepective on the sociology of family, education, crime, age and many other areas.
  • Sociology needs to remove patriarchal elements to move on.
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