Seidler: Post modernist- 1989/1994
- Men fear the consequences of being emotional
- Emotions have no place in the workplace
- Masculinity is closely related to Enlightenment
- Knowledge can only come from reason and rationality
- Women are closer to nature and more emotional
- The association of men contribute to male patricarchal power
- Men are more likely to tell their female partners that they are being irrational and emotional
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Mirza: Black feminist- 1997
- Black feminists can contribute to knowledge and ideas on feminism
- They can change the way black Britsh women are viewed as passive victims of racism, patriarchy and class inequality.
- Black women are believe to come from the third world
- They try to overcome domestic violence. Sexism and racism in schools.
- Developed alternative family forms
- And challenge the activities of police and immigration authorities.
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Hartmann: Marxist feminist- 1981
- Marxism cannot explain gender inequalities
- Marxism does not explain why women have lower paid jobs outside the home and yet they still carry out the majority of domestic work
- She sees society as patriarchal.
- Patricarchy is maintained throught the way men control women's labour power.
- Women who are married become their husbands property
- Patricarchy and capitalism are closely linked
- Increasing participiation of women in work today has made them slightly less dependent on men, but wages tend to be too low to give them true independence
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Oakley: Feminist- 1981
- Children are socialised into gender roles
- Canalisation- Childrens gender interests dolls/cars
- Verbal Appellations- Gender nicknames
- Different activities- Girls helping mother do cooking and boys going outsider
- The family is the most important influence on gender inequality
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Firestone: Radical feminist
- Gender inequality originated in the patriarchal societal structures imposed on women through their biology.
- The physical, social and psychological disadvantages imposed by pregnancy, child birth and subsequent child-rearing.
- She describes pregnancy as barbaric.
- She argued that a patricarchal society would come back due to fertility treatments and family types.
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Abbot et al: Radical feminist- 2005
- Sociology is dominated by men and patriarchal ideology.
- Social constructions have influenced persepective on the sociology of family, education, crime, age and many other areas.
- Sociology needs to remove patriarchal elements to move on.
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