Halliday's Functions of Speech
- INSTRUMENTAL: To get something (e.g. 'go toily' meaning 'I want to go to the toilet')
- REGULATORY: To make requests or give orders (e.g. 'Not your teddy' meaning 'Leave my teddy alone')
- INTERACTIONAL: To relate to others (e.g. 'Nice Mummy')
- PERSONAL: To convey a sense of personal identity and to express views and feelings (e.g. 'naughty doggy')
- HEURISTIC: To find out about the immediate environment (e.g. 'What boy doing?')
- IMAGINATIVE: To be creative through language that relates to imaginative play, storytelling, rhymes and humour (e.g. 'One day my Daddy came home and he said...')
- REPRESENTATIONAL: To convey information (e.g. 'I'm three')
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Dore's Functions of Speech
- LABELLING: Naming a person, object or thing.
- REPEATING: Repeating an adult word or utterance.
- ANSWERING: Responding to an utterance of another speaker.
- REQUESTING ACTION: Asking for something to be done for them.
- CALLING: Getting attention by shouting.
- GREETING: Greeting someone or something.
- PROTESTING: Objecting to requests from others.
- PRACTICING: Using language when no adult is present.
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