Halliday's and Dore's Functions of Speech

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Halliday's Functions of Speech

  • INSTRUMENTAL: To get something (e.g. 'go toily' meaning 'I want to go to the toilet')
  • REGULATORY: To make requests or give orders (e.g. 'Not your teddy' meaning 'Leave my teddy alone')
  • INTERACTIONAL: To relate to others (e.g. 'Nice Mummy')
  • PERSONAL: To convey a sense of personal identity and to express views and feelings (e.g. 'naughty doggy')
  • HEURISTIC: To find out about the immediate environment (e.g. 'What boy doing?')
  • IMAGINATIVE: To be creative through language that relates to imaginative play, storytelling, rhymes and humour (e.g. 'One day my Daddy came home and he said...')
  • REPRESENTATIONAL: To convey information (e.g. 'I'm three')
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Dore's Functions of Speech

  • LABELLING: Naming a person, object or thing.
  • REPEATING: Repeating an adult word or utterance.
  • ANSWERING: Responding to an utterance of another speaker.
  • REQUESTING ACTION: Asking for something to be done for them.
  • CALLING: Getting attention by shouting.
  • GREETING: Greeting someone or something.
  • PROTESTING: Objecting to requests from others.
  • PRACTICING: Using language when no adult is present.
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