Functionalism

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  • Created by: izzyb123
  • Created on: 28-09-16 12:20

Murdock (1949) nuclear family functions

Performs 4 essential functions:

-economic- food&shelter

-educational- sharing norms and values

-sexual- stable satisfactionm preventing 'free for alls'

-reproductive- the next generaton needs to survive

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Criticism of the nuclear family

Outdated theory- other types of families can perform equally sd well eg. lone parent or same sex families.

It also ignores that not everyone is a good parent

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Functionalism

The organic analogy- in order for society to work, all espects have to work together as one

They believe in value concensus where- all people have to share norms and values to work harmoniously

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Primary socialisation

Is learnt through family, basic skills and values. 

Where we get our normas and values from

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Secondary socialisation

Education, knowledge and skills needed for work

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The extended family

3 generations living under one roof.

More dominant in the pre-industrial society as a large family workforce was needed to help out on the family farms etc.

Extended family gave way to the nuclear family from the late 18th century

Unit of production and self sufficient

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The nuclear family

Just parents and dependent children

Dominant in the modern industrial society

The extended family gave way to the nuclear family from the late 18th centuary

Modern families have lost their functions. However, through the loss of these functions, the nuclear family has started to specialise in 2 essential functions:

- The primary sociaslisation of children- starting to intergrate them into society

- The stabilisation of adult personalities- family is a place where the adults can release tension and relax. Helps them return to the work place refreshed.

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Geographical workforce

- People move where the jobs are

- Easier for nuclear families to move

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Socially mobile workforce

- Modern society makes your status through working hard and from ability

-Nuclear family encourages social mobility so there is less conflict for the 'alpha male' role in the household (sons income may be higher than fathers)

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