Plant Stanol Esters
They can reduce heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol.
Added to spreads and dairy products.
Stanols occur naturally in plants but in small quanitites.
Bacteria convert sterols (plant fat) into stanols.
Prebiotics and Probiotics
Prebiotics contain sugars called oligosaccharides.
Sugars are the food supply for good bacteria in the gut.
Bad bacteria and humans cannot digest prebiotics.
Probiotics contain the bacteria themselves.
Why can we lose some of the bacteria?
The stomach's acid breaks up bacteria before it gets to the small intestine.
Bacteria can be unbalanced due to stress and poor diet.