- Created by: zieglerj
- Created on: 08-05-19 13:00
Perfect tense - avoir
In French you use the perfect tense (the passe compose) to say what you have done at a certain time in the past.
The passe compose is usually formed by using the present tense of avoir and the past paritciple of the verb, just as in English
For example : , parler - parle = I have spoken prendre - pris = I have taken
J'ai joue = I have played danser - danse = I have danced faire - fait = I have done
Tu as joue = You have played preparer - prepare = I have prepared
Nous avons joue = He/she/it played donnner - donne = I have given
Vous avez joue = We have played finir - fini = I have finished
Il/elles ont joue = They have played choisir - choisi = I have chosen
attendre = attendu = I have waited
boire - bu = I have drunk
voir - vu = I have seen
faire - fait = I have done
Perfect tense - etre
In the perfect tense most verbs take avorir, but some verbs take etre.
For example : MRS VANDERTRAMP
Je suis alle(e) = I have gone/I went Devenir (to become) Tomber (to fall)
Tu es alle(e) = You went Revenir (to come back) Rester (to remain)
Il/elle est alle(e) = He/she went Monter (to go up) Arriver (to arrive)
Nous sommes alle(e) = We went Retourner (to return) Mourir (to die) - mort
Vous etes alle(e) = You went Sortir (to go out) Paritr (to leave)
Ils/elles sont alle(e) = They went Venir (to come)
Feminin = Allee Aller (to go)
Masculin = Alle Naitre (to be born) - ne
Plural Feminin = Allees Descendre (to go down)
Plural Masculin = Alles Entrer (to enter)
Rentrer (to return)
De la, du, de l', des,
We don't always use it in English, but in French they always put "some" in:
Je mange des cereales = I eat some cereal
When de is used in front of the definite article (le/la/les) it sometimes combines with it:
Masculine = Du
Feminine = De la
When there is a vowel as the next the next letter = De l'
Plural = Des
Negative = De
Remember : For negative (after ne....pas) only use de or d'. For example
Je ne mange pas de pain, je ne bois pas d'eau.
Au, a la, a l', aux
When used in front of the definite article, a sometimes combines with the article. For example:
A la boulangerie
Masculine = Au
Feminine = A la
When there is a vowel as the next letter = A l'
Plural = Aux
Quantities and numbers
When talking about a quantity of something you want:
Du, De la, Des = De
De, De' = D'
For example :
Du vin = Une bouteille de vin.
De la puree de tomates = Un tube de puree de tomates.
De l'eau = Une bouteille d'eau minerale.
Adjective have to agree with the noun it describes.
- Most adjectives add an "e" in the feminine.
- If the adjective ends in "e".
- If the adjective ends in f, change to ve
- If the adjective ends in x - change to se
Masculine Feminine Masculine plural Feminine plural
timide timide timides timides
sportif sportive sportifs sportives
paresseux paresseuse parasseux parasseuses
beau belle beux belles