FORMATION OF RELATIONSHIPS

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FORMATION OF R.R.

Scientific study of how relationships form has shown that, in the initial stages at least, this process more to do with self-interest and little to do with shared emotions.

Reward/Need satisfaction theory (BYRNE & CLORE): attracted to people who we find satisfying or gratifiying --> Principles of operant conditioning: repeat behaviour desirable outcome, avoid behaviour undesirable outcome --> therefore, enter relationships b/c individual associated w/direct reinforcement (i.e. +ve feelings) thus attractive --> Furthermore, attraction through association (classical conditioning) .. associate people w/pleasant event (i.e. saving of life)

SUPPORT from GRIFFIT & GUAY: if P's positively reinforced (good mark on test) rating for experimenter high

ARON offered physiological support for link b/twn reward & formation of R.R: intense romantic love associated w/elevated level activity in brain --> scientifically objective evidence = replicability, reliability & generalisability --> Adaptive value: brain reward system .. drive ancestors focus on courtship energy on specific individ.

CATE: reward level best predictors of relationship satisfaction

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formation of RR II

H/W HAYS found issue with narrowness of the examination of rewards--> Some people greatly satisfied giving  as well as receiving

Reward/Need satisfaction theory subject CULTURAL BIAS: cultural & gender diffs. in formation of R.R --> LOTT: many cultures women focused need of others than receiving reinforcement--> theory not universal explana. of relationship formation .. imposed etic

BYRNE, CLORE & SMEATON: similarity import. predictor of R.R formation --> Two stages in model: 1. people sort potential partners for dissimilarity (avoid personality/attitudes too diff. from their own) --> 2.from the ones remaining..choose somone most similar to themselves --> Model emphasises similarity of personality/attitudes --> time progresses people's attitudes towards thing simmilar 'attititude alignment'

CONDON SUPPORTS view similarity importnat in terms of R.R formation--> People similar to us likely to like us .. lessens rejection --> When people share our attitudes & beliefs .. validates them .. is rewarding & relates to reward/need satisfaction theory --> H/W ROSENBAUM dissimlarity rather than similarity import. factor determining relationship development --> Dissimilarity-repulsion hypothesis tested in diff. cultures e.g SINGH Singapore --> It est. that P's 1st attracted b/c similarity attitudes .. as got to know...

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formation RR III

..each other better those who discovered more dissmilarities than similarities less attracted to each other

Research into similarity & dissmilairty limitations as only dealt w/attitude & personality similarities --> Yoshida: this represents narrow view of factors import. in relationship formation w/factors such as similarity of self-concept, economic level, physical condition equally import. --> Speakman: people choose partners w/similar levels of body fat

RESEARCH METHODO: Lab studies=dont really show principles of need satisfaction & similarity apply to real life .. lack mundane realism ..DC's = S.D--> H/W some conducted on real-life coupl & tended to support these claims.

CULTURAL BIAS: doesn't account for gender & cultural diffs. -->LOTT: many cultures women more focused on needs of others than receiving reinforcement --> Thus, this theory not universal explanation of formation of R.R & therefore culturally biased 

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Comments

Rhianna Price

Have you written an essay on this yet? You're the only one I've found who's using the same textbook as me ahaha....so useful! Thank you! 

Princess Natasha Daniel


Yes I have but it didnt get 24/24 it got 20/24..

The trick to the exam is to average 15/16 on each essay to get an A anyway!

I will upload my essay if it will be of any use to you :)

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