Fold Mountains Case Study - Geography GCSE

Case study of how The Alps (fold mountains) are used and the adaptations of people living there.

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  • Created by: Né M
  • Created on: 01-05-12 19:46

The Alps - Introduction

The alps are located in Central Europe

The were formed about 30 million years ago by the collision of the African and European plates

It has a population of about 12 million

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Uses - Farming

Lower, sunnier parts of the slopes have been terraced to grow vineyards, for example in Switzerland
-terracing is when parts of the mountain are cut away to create a more level ground for agricultural crops of for buildings. 

The steeper, upland areas are used to farm goats
- this provides milk, cheese and meat. 

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Uses - H.E.P.

The narrow valleys between the mountains are dammed in order to generate hydro-electric power (HEP)
-
for example in Switzerland 60% of its electricity comes from HEP stations in the Alps

- The energy produced is used to power local homes and businesses
- Also transported to towns/cities further away 

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Uses - Mining

Different metals, such as iron, copper and gold used to be mined in the Alps - the rocks contain a rich source of useful substances
- due to cheaper labour in foreign countries, mining declined in the area as it there are cheaper sources abroad

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Uses - Forestry

Scots Pine is planted all over the Alps
-it's resilient to the goats (won't be eaten/destroyed)

The trees can be logged and sold to make things furniture and paper

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Uses - Tourism

100 million tourists visit the Alps each year
-tourism is a huge part of the economy

70% visit the steep slopes for winter sports such as skiing and snow-boarding
- In the summer, tourists visit for hiking, mountain biking and paragliding

There are ski runs, lifts, cable cars, chalets etc all over the area to suit the tourists

New villages have been built to cater for the masses of tourists in the area 

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