Flooding Case Study
- Place: South Asia (Bangladesh and India).
- Date: July and August 2007.
- Rivers: Brahmaputra and Ganges.
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- Heavy rainfall- 900mm fell in July, which saturated the soil and increased runoff into rivers.
- Melting snow from the glaciers in the Himalayan mountains increased the discharge of the Brahmaputra river as the store of water was released into the river.
- The peak discharge of both rivers happened at the same time, which increased discharge downstream.
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- Over 2000 deaths.
- 25 million made homeless.
- 44 schools destroyed, which meant children missed out on education.
- Around 100,000 people caught water-borne diseases like diarrhoea.
- Lots of livestock were killed so farmers livelihoods were destroyed.
- Farmers and factory workers became unemployed.
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- Many factories closed, which means that the business can no longer continue to operate due to the damage, which means that the supplies the factory provided will be cut short.
- 112,000 houses destroyed in India
- 10,000km of roads destroyed
- Flooded fields reduced basmati rice yields - prices rose by 10%.
- Many farmers and factory workers became unemployed due to the number of factories closing due to damage, and also due to the destroyed fields and farmers' machinery.
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- Rivers were polluted with rubbish and sewage.
- Floods in fields destroyed vegetation and crops, which distrupted the natural ecosystem and destroyed many animals habitats.
- Many livestock were killed.
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- Many people didn't evacuate from areas that flooded.
- Blocked transport links slowed down any evacuation attempts.
- Other governments and international charities distributed food, water and medical aid.
- Technical equipment and rescue boats were also sent to help those who were stranded.
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- International charities have funded the rebuilding of homes and the agriculture and fishing industries.
- Some homes have been rebuit on stilts, so they're less likely to be damages by future floods.
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