Five Year Plans

info of the plans

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Five Year Plans

  • Stalin needed to modernise Russia and industrialise it, decided to sell surplus food
  • 1927 Advisor's said in order to modernise Russia you mus
  • HAVE 250,000 TRACTORS
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  • Industry under state control
  • Industry developed planned by the state
  • Decisions on what, how much and where this would be produced

-First Five Year Plan: 1922-32

-Second Five Year Plan: 1933-37

-Third Five Year Plan: 1938-41

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  • Set Targets on what should be met
  • Targets unrealistic, could never be met under the improvements
  • Emphasis too much on heavy industry e.g. Coal, Oil & Steel
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  • Although results were impressive they were low when compared with western European standards
  • Results had shown a massive increase though
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Second Five Year Plan

  • Still had an emphasis on Heavy Industry
  • New Commitments e.g. Communication: Railway Links, and new industry e.g. Chemical
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Third Five Year Plan

  • Emphasis on Weapon Production (Which required the input of heavy industry) as war had been near and Russia weren't prepared for WW2
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  • Failure to reach targets had led to much criticism as well as humiliation
  • Workers couldn't cope under the pressure
  • More measures were introduced
  • Records had been kept on workers attendance, if poor were accused of
    • Sabotage of the FYP
    • If guilty were sent to work in the harshest areas of Russia, e.g. Siberia or Baltic Sea
  • Machinery had been hard to find let alone repair
  • Unskilled peasants were hired
  • Had no knowledge of machinery
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Problems II

This led to

  • Inflation figures on production
  • Finished Products had been poor
  • Managers were held accountable
  • No one was allowed the criticize the plan
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  • Some paid were more than others (because of their effort in the workforce and their production)
  • Stalin was then accused by the Left Wing of betrayal of socialism
  • Gap Between Payments Later Increased
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Impact on Society

  • Wages for workers had been incredibly low
  • Work Conditions had been extremely dangerous
  • Long Hours
  • Homes had only been built for the poor
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the first 5 year plan was 1927-1932

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