- Morocco was weak; France hoped to conquer it.
- In 1903, the France based aan army on the Morocan border
- Febuary 1905, France demanded control over the Moroccan army and police. The Sultan refused
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- In March 1905, Kaiser Wilhelm visited Tangier in Morocco
- He told the French agent (Count Cherisay) that he wanted free trade for Germany in Morocco then dismissed him before he could reply.
- He then gave a speech in whitch he promised to defend Morocco as 'free and independent' and 'subject to no foreign control'.
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- There was an international crisis - both France and Germany threatened war.
- The French (scared of another was with Germany) were going to back down, but the British encouraged them to take a firm line.
- A Conference was held at Algeciras (1906).
- Britain and Russia supported France (Britain stationed a navy patrol outside Algeciras harbour).
- Germany had to promise to stay out of Morocco
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- France were angry with Germany.
- Britain was frightened of Germany's Empire.
- At the Algeciras conference (1906), France, Britain, and Russia forced Germany to stay out of Morocco. Germany felt humiliated.
- In 1907, Britain and Russia, alamed by German ambitions, made an Entente - adds to alliances.
- Algeciras convinced Germany that the other countries were 'ganging up' on Germany - from this moment, Germany began preparing for war.
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