Film studies - frameworks of film

Cinematography

Cinematography - 

The different types of shot in a film for example: medium, close up, point of view, long shot, extreme close up, ariel shot, over head shot, over the shoudler shot. 

Camera movements for example: panning, tilt, zoom, tracking.

Lighting for example: different colours and gels  

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Mise-en-scene

Mise-en-scene: everything in the frame.

This includes: costumes, staging, set, makeup, props, setting, hair style, use of space and movement.

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Editing

Editing: 

Getting everything in the right order and cutting scenes out. 

Continuity editing: does the film makes sense?

Analepsis: flashbacks 

Prolepsis: flash forwards 

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Sound

Sound: 

Diegetic sound: sounds/ music made by or able to be heard by the characters within the narrative.

Non-diegetic sound: sounds like accompanying music, used to create mood. Sound that does not come from the world of the narrative.

(Breaking the fourth wall - talking/ acting directly towards the camera. This becomes non-diegetic because you are not talking to other characters. This is because it has become non-naturalistic - the other characters cannot hear what is being said). 

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