Fibre Properties

different fibre properties

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  • Created by: Suzie
  • Created on: 14-05-11 19:08


  • Absorbant
  • Strong-especially when wet
  • Can be attacked by mildew
  • Can shrink-unless pre shrunk in manufacture
  • Will rot if exposed to air for long time
  • Staple fibre
  • Grown best in warm and moist conditions
  • Grown in India, China, Africa, USA
  • Types include; Calico, Gingham, Seersucker, Denim, Cotton Sateen, Cotton-velvet, 100% terry toweling, Poplin
  • Ripe cotton pod is called cotton boll
  • MERCERIZATION- where cotton fibres are unravelled to create lustre
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  • Highly absorbant
  • Good durability
  • Stronger when wet
  • Low elasticity=creases easily
  • Firm handle
  • No electro-static charge
  • Used in casualwear
  • Types- Crash, Duck, Holland, Huckaback, Interlining
  • Grown in China, France, Egypt
  • From flax plant
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  • Good Lustre, fineness and pleasant handle
  • Good tenacity
  • Good extensibility
  • Outstanding resiliance-doesn't crease badly
  • Hardly any electrostatic charge builds up
  • Perspiration/ deodrant/ perfumes can cause colour change
  • Is an animal fibre
  • Is a filament fibre (long)
  • Properties can be improved by finishes
  • Produced in China and Italy
  • Types- Crepe back satin, Duchesse satin
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  • Warm
  • Hydroscopie-can absorb up to a third of its own weight without making wearer feel wet
  • Not that durable
  • Soft-depending on fineness
  • Good extensibility and good elasticity
  • Does not burn easily
  • Can develop small electrostatic charges
  • Can felt if treated harshly
  • Used in suits, dresses, jumpers
  • Produced in Great Britain, China, Australia
  • Types-Felt, flannel, fleece, tartan, tweed, shetland
  • Pure wool mark= has to be 95% pure wool
  • Wool blend mark= has to be at least 60% wool
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