• Festival of colour
  • It is an annual spring festival
  • Takes place on two days in late March or early April

  • Some believe it gets it's name from Holika - daughter of the King of Demons
    • The King demanded that people stopped worshipping the gods and prayed to him instead
    • His own son Prahlada offered prayers to Vishnu so his father poisoned him but it turned to nectar. He was trampled by elephants but remained unharmed
    • He ordered Holika to kill Prahlada with fire - she had the ability to walk through fire unscathed
    • Prahlada prayed to Vishnu for protection and was saved
    • Holika burned to death – the power only worked if she walked through alone

  • first day - a fire is lit to signfiy Holika's burning
  • Other Hindu's celebrate Holi in memory of Krishna
    • He would often play jokes on the cowgirls; throwing coloured powder over them
  • So the second day of Holi consists of people throwing coloured powder, paint and water at eachother
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Durga Puja

  • Hindu festival of worship and dance
  • Also known as 'Navarati' - Nine nights
  • Celebrated twice each year - spring and autumn equinox
  • Takes place in evening
  • Celebrates the story of the Ramayana
    • Rama lost his kingdom but also his wife through deception
    • In order to gain strength to conquer Ravana, Rama turned to Durga
  • The main feature is to dance around the shrine to Durga
  • Prayers are offered for protection, health and prosperity
  • Durga is the divine mother and married daughters return home to their mothers
  • Some divide Durga Puja into sections of three days;
    • The first - celebrates Durga's power to destory impureities and defects
    • The next three - celebrates Lakshmi - giver of spiritual wealth
    • The final three - celebrates her wisdom was Saraswati
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  • 'Das' meaning 'ten'
  • Celebrates friendship
  • Reminds Hindu's of God's love and care and encourages faithfulness and friendlyness
  • Celebrated at the end of Naravati
  • Remembers that on this tenth day, Rama recieved strength from Durga and defeated Ravana
  • Good triumphed over evil and failed to destroy Laksmana's loyalty and Sita's faithfulness
  • On this day, the spirit of Durga leaves the statue and the murti is carried to the river and immersed in water
  • As it sinks, it is believed to be taking away unhappiness and misfortune
  • Wives honour their husbands just like Sita did to Rama
  • Hindu's will forget any differences and conflict that took place throughout the year
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  • Hindu festival of light
  • Most popular and anticipated festival
  • Marks the victory of good over evil, brightness over darkness
  • Celebrated over five consecutive days in October/November

  • In Northern India, it marks the return of Rama, Sita and Laksmana after killing Ravana
  • In Southern India, it commemorates the killing of Narakasurra by Krishna's wife

  • People light oil lamps in order to light their paths in darkness
    • Home, temples etc and decorated with coloured lights and divas
    • Families come together
    • Boys are thrown parties by their sisters
    • New clothes are worn
    • Houses are cleaned and decorated
    • Animals = washed, decorated and given special foods
    • Accounts are settled and a new business year begins free of debt
    • Presents and cards are exchanged
    • Divali lamps are set afloat.  If they stay alight they will have good luck for the coming year
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