Female Figures in the 5th Century

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Hestia Guistiniani

470BC Classical

1.93m tall

Originally in bronze

Less static than the kouroi of the archaic period

Austere in its strictness to the sculpting

Wearing a peplos

Drapery very heave - folds of the peplos around her legs are flute-like

A few basic catanaries

Hair in great volume, but somewhat repetitive

Severe expression

Hand on hip, emphsise curves 

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Karyatid

421-406BC

One of six facing the Parthenon on the Erecthium in Athens

Made by Alkamenes? Studen of Phedias

2.31m tall

Wears a peplos

Long repetitive braided hair to support the head

Contrapposto, weight on the right leg

Catanaries are present between the breasts, emphasising the femininity of the karyatid

Band of modelling lines at the waist

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Aphrodite of the Agora

420-410BC

Parian Marble

Contrapposto pose

By Agorakritos

Drapery very thin and has many modelling lines, such as over her right leg

Illusionary transparency on right knee and belly (belly button can be seen)

Catanaries 

Drapery reacts to the body, falls down with realistic patterns, no fluted folds

Use of modelling lines reveal the feminine figure without breaking taboo of nudity

Left arm on hip emphasises it

Motionless, the drapery provides life to the piece 

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Nike by Paionios

c420BC

Depicts Nike goddess of victory

Monument set up by Sparta at Olympia commemorating the battle of Sphakteria (425BC)

1.92m tall

Drapery is very thin

Left breast is out, nudity, however acceptable, beyond Nike's control. Also emphasises speed of the descent

Illusionary transparency of the right breast, belly and thighs

Drapery has motion lines flowing back as if she were landing 

Contrapposto

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