Grown on the outskirts of cities.
Too many people for the overstreched governments to house.
The people cannot afford to live in exisiting housing stock.
People have bad health- exposed to poverty linked diseases.
Contaminated water- spreading of disease.
Overcrowded- fast spead of disease.
Very high infant mortality rate.
Characteristics of a Shanty Town
Built by occupants or 'self help' groups.
Built using very cheap materials.
At least initialy illegal- no planning permission.
Lacking in services.
Built on land which is vunerable to natural disasters.
Politically embarrassing exposing poverty level and lack of urban planning.
Depresses property prices.
A major fire hazard.
Located on high risk areas.
May damage tourism.
Attempted to bulldoze and then rehouse but there were too many people for the housing available and the housing was poorly constructed.
Spare Money- any money left in the goverment should be put into improving conditions.
Self Help Projects-establish groups of experts to improve conditions.
Availibitly of land-ensure that the land is not illegal so there is no threat.
Security of tenure- take away threat of being bulldozed.
Consolidation- merge the city and the shanty town as they have a symboisis.