Favelas Rio de Janerio Case Study

details for housing provisions in an LEDC.

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Facts.

Grown on the outskirts of cities.

Too many people for the overstreched governments to house.

The people cannot afford to live in exisiting housing stock.

People have bad health- exposed to poverty linked diseases.

Inadequate drainage.

Contaminated water- spreading of disease.

Overcrowded- fast spead of disease.

Very high infant mortality rate.

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Characteristics of a Shanty Town

Built by occupants or 'self help' groups.

Built using very cheap materials.

At least initialy illegal- no planning permission.

High Density.

Lacking in services.

Built on land which is vunerable to natural disasters.

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Problems

Politically embarrassing exposing poverty level and lack of urban planning.

Depresses property prices.

A major fire hazard.

An eyesore.

Located on high risk areas.

May damage tourism.

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Solutions

Attempted to bulldoze and then rehouse but there were too many people for the housing available and the housing was poorly constructed.

Spare Money- any money left in the goverment should be put into improving conditions.

Self Help Projects-establish groups of experts to improve conditions.

Availibitly of land-ensure that the land is not illegal so there is no threat.

Security of tenure- take away threat of being bulldozed.

Consolidation- merge the city and the shanty town as they have a symboisis.

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Comments

Fern

Great cards, though not specific to the Rio case study. Thanks!

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