Faure - Apres un Reve

In depth study of Vocal music

Focusing on

  • Context
  • Style
  • Instrumentation
  • Structure
  • Tonality
  • Melody
  • Harmony

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Faure - Apres un Reve

Context

  • The piece is a Melodie
  • A voice and accompaniment
  • Based on an anonymous Italian poem
  • Text adapted by Romain Bussine
  • Written in France 1877
  • The music is word painted
  • Describes waking from a dream with a loved one
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Style

  • Typical of a Melodie
    - Word Painting
    - Lyrical connection with literature
    - Expressive (Helas)
  • Typical of Romantic era
    - Chromatic chords
    - Fluid rhythm
    - Piano accompaniment
    - Highest note at most dramatic point (3rd verse Helas)
    - Long lyrical phrases (1-3)
    - Unprepared modulations (verse 3)
    - Chromatic and dissonant
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Instrumentation

  • Mezzo Soprano
  • Piano
  • Each part is fairly simple meaning the piece could have been sung by amateurs
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Structure

  • Modified strophic form
  • The music for verse 1 is almost identical to that for verse 2
  • Verse 3 has different music all together
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Texture

  • Homophonic through-out
  • Melody and accompaniment
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Tonality

  • C minor (1 - 14)
  • Eb major (14 - 15)
  • C minor (16 - 29)
  • F minor (30)
  • Bb minor (31 - 32)
  • C minor
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Rhythm

  • Triplets in the vocals
  • Continuous quaver rhythm in the piano
  • Cross rhythm when the above points occur at the same time
  • Motor rhythms in the left hand piano
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Melody

  • Melody line is sung by the vocals
  • Long lyrical phrases (as in bar 1-3)
  • Legato
  • Leaps (Minor 6th, Octave)
  • Arch shaped melodies (ascending and descending)
  • Syllabic and melismatic
  • Total range of an 11th (middleC - topF)
  • Highest note is used in the most dramatic moment
  • Chromatic notes
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Faure - Apres un Reve

Harmony

  • Chromatic harmonies (D half diminished at bar 6)
  • Extended dominant chords (F9 at bar 3)
  • Augmented chords
  • Cycle of fifths
  • False relation (B against Bb in bar bar 7)
  • 4-3 suspension at the end
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