Farming methods

Intensive farming

  • Increases the amount of food produced
  • It is usually called 'factory farming' as a large amount of food is produced in a small amount of space 
  • Farmers rely heavily on the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides
  • Many people are concerned about what fertilisers and pestisides can do for their health and the effects on the environment
  • Animals may be kept indoors so that their diet, breading and disease control can be managed

Chemical fertiliser- fertilisers can come in dry or liquid form, they are available in organic or inorganic compounds. Fertilisers are used to feed the plants with the nutrients that they need.

pesticides- Used in plants for elliminating, preventing or controlling pests like: slugs, insects, fungal diseases (smuts, rots and mildrew) and snails. 

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organic farming

  • All food sold as organic must be approved by organic certification bodies and produced according to strict EC laws 
  • Farmers grow, handle and process crops without synthetic fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides or any other artificial ingredient
  • It will not contain any genetically engineered ingredients
  • Organic meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones
  • Organic producers can only use natural fertilisers and not synthetic ones
  • Organic foods are considered to taste nicer, avoid the risk of a combination of chemicals and respect soil structure and wildlife.

Organic- Free from any chemicals or pesticides

Herbicides- A pesticide used to kill unwanted plants

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