They have a modernist view on the family - that family structure shapes its members.
They believe the nuclear family is the best family type and that other family types are wrong.
Parsons sees the nuclear family to perform 3 different functions:
- Geographically and Socially mobile workforce
- Primary socialisation
- Stabalisation of adult personalities
They are opposed to family diversity but believe the nuclear family is the best family type to live in.
Lone parent families are seen as a burden as they use up the welfare state, for example housing benefits.
Perverse incentives - irresponsible behavior is rewarded and responsible behavior is punished.
Marriage is an essential way of bringing up children in a stable and safe way.
Criticims of this view are:
- Oakly (Feminist) argues divorce will give women freedom and roles within the marriage are not fixed.
Chester - Neo-Conventional family
Does not see family diversity as negative.
Chester believes there has been a move towards this neo-conventional family