Family

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  • Created by: jessica
  • Created on: 10-05-14 14:55

Different types of families

Household-Group of people living together who are not related by blood or law

Cohabitation-A couple who live together without being married
Empty nest-A married couple whose children have grown up and moved out
Empty shell marriage-Love between a couple has ended no real reason to stay married 
Extended family-A family consisting of more people than one or two parents and their children
Horizontally extended family-Family containing other relatives from the same generation
Vertically extended family-Family consisting of people from more than two generations 
Reconstitued family-Where people who have divorced with children remarry
Lone parent family-One parent raising their children on their own 
Symmetrical family-Responsibilities and tasks within a marriage are shared equally
One person house hold-One person living alone
Same sex family-A family headed by two people of the same sex
Nucleur family-Family consisting of two married parents and their children

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Changes in the family

Pre-industrial-Nucleur family (people died earlier, married later)

After industrial revolution-Extended family (People lived in cities, easier to get places)

1950's-Strong family networks (People lived closer, mums and daughters strong relationships)

1960's-Privatised nucleur family (People moved away, not many travel links or technology)

21st century-Family diversity (More cars and technology) 

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Divorce and marriage

Increase due to:

  • Seculirisation
  • 1969 divorce act (made divorce easier and cheaper)
  • Media influence (celebs get divorced)
  • Less social stigma
  • Role of woman changing more independant
  • Divorce cheaper so women can afford it

Less people marrying:

  • Weddings expensive
  • Seculirisation
  • No longer 'living in sin'
  • People would prefer to spend money on a house
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Are men and womens roles equal?

Equal:

  • Different types of dads some are more involved
  • Women being involved in decisions
  • More women are working full time
  • Equal pay act 1970 and 1975 Sex discrimination act
  • Rise of feminism
  • Better contraception

Not equal:

  • Triple shift/dual burden
  • Feminists believe family is still patriachal
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Reasons for family diversity

  • People living longer
  • Changing social attitudes
  • More lone parents
  • More women choosing career over family
  • More child centered 
  • Easier to divorce
  • Secularisation
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Fertility rate

More women are realising they dont need to have children and get married they should have aspirations and jobs

Fertility rate declining now at 2.4

Reasons for the decline:

  • Changing expectations of women
  • More women remaining childless
  • Women marrying later
  • Children are an economic liability
  • Women are having children later
  • Family is more child centered
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Conjugal roles

Segregated conjugal roles-Husband and wife perfom different roles and tasks and have a number of seperate intrests

Intergrated conjugal roles-Roles in the household are shared and husbands and wives share hobbies and intrests

Dual burden-Women are expected to hold down a full time job but also complete most of the household chores

Triple shift-Women are expected to do both the housework and have a full time job with the added pressure of making sure everyone in the families emotional needs are meet

Is the family becoming more symmetrical?
YES- More women working
Women can file for divorce
Men taking more active role in home and aware of expectations of 'new man'
Dont rely on men
NO-Men still earn more
Dual burden & triple shift
Men have less paternity leave 

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Conjugal roles

Segregated conjugal roles-Husband and wife perfom different roles and tasks and have a number of seperate intrests

Intergrated conjugal roles-Roles in the household are shared and husbands and wives share hobbies and intrests

Dual burden-Women are expected to hold down a full time job but also complete most of the household chores

Triple shift-Women are expected to do both the housework and have a full time job with the added pressure of making sure everyone in the families emotional needs are meet

Is the family becoming more symmetrical?
YES- More women working
Women can file for divorce
Men taking more active role in home and aware of expectations of 'new man'
Dont rely on men
NO-Men still earn more
Dual burden & triple shift
Men have less paternity leave 

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