Family Policies

  • Created by: ash8642
  • Created on: 19-05-19 12:10

Beveridge Report 1942

  • Development of welfare state
  • National Insurance
  • Reduced poverty and improved health
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Divorce Reform Act 1969

  • Divorce after 2-years of separation; 5-years if only one spouse wanting divorce
  • Allows partners to leave unhappy marriages
    • "Broken" marriage
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Sex Discrimination Act 1975

  • Discrimination on grounds of sex/marital status becomes illegal
  • Importance of equality in public and private
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Clause 28 - 1988

  • Prohibit homosexuality, and council-controlled schools from teaching acceptability as a pretended family
  • Encouraged the nuclear family
  • Unable to voice discriminations or "come out"
  • July 2000 - May voted to maintain Clause 28
    • "Most parents want the comfort"
  • Labour passed legislation to repeal in 2003
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Tax Reforms 1988

  • Provide people who were married with tax and welfare benefits
  • Made alternative family structures undesirable
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New Deal/Sure Start - 1998

  • Prepare children under 4-years-old from disadvantaged areas for school
  • Support parents in the gap between antenatal/postnatal care and entry to school
    • Healthcare + advice from local healthcare services
    • Support good quality play/learning/childcare at home and in group
    • Support for SALT
    • Parenting courses/father groups/ethnic minorities
  • 'Stay + Play' linked to small but significant reduction in parenting stress
  • Interviews of 2,600 parents showed centres made a difference to lives
  • New Deal helped lone-parents return to work
    • Help with cost of childcare/training/education
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Adoption Reform Act 2002

  • Enabled same-sex couples and single individuals to adopt
  • Not a 'gay rights' issue
    • About giving as many children as possible a stable family
    • Doubts raised on stability of relationships out of marriage

 

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Civil Partnership Act 2004

  • Allows same-sex couples same rights and responsibilities as civil marriage
  • Entitled to same:
    • Property rights
    • Exemption on inheritance tax
    • Social security
    • Pension benefits
    • Parental responsibility of partner's children
    • Tenancy rights
    • Life insurance
    • Next of kin
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Sure Start Funding Cuts - 2010

  • Reduce number of centres by 35%
  • Renamed 'Linked Sites' which now provide fewer services
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Universal Credit Proposed - 2010

  • Designed that people earn more through working than from benefits
  • Reduce welfare dependency
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Marriage (Same-Sex Couples) Act 2014

  • Legalisation of same-sex marriages
  • Civil partnerships still available
  • Ability to convert previous civil partnerships to marriages
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Free Childcare - 2017

  • Provide eligible working parents in England with 30-hours of free childcare for 3-4 year olds (hours dependent on location)
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