Failure to function adequately (FFA)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Sema
  • Created on: 29-12-13 18:50

Failure to function adequately (FFA)

Focuses on everyday behaviour - when someone deviates from normal behaviour such as getting ready in the morning and going to work they can be seen as FFA. - severe depression.

FFA is a general sign of a disorder not specifically any condition. Agoraphobic or paranoid delusions seen as FFA. 

Rosenhan and Seligman (1989) suggested some characteristics of abnormal behaviour that are related to FFA: 

  • Unpredictable behaviour: behaviour that is unexpected and cannot be predicted.
  • Irrational behaviour: behaviour that does not seem to be focused on reason and logic
  • Personal distress: distress and discomfort caused by a person by their own thoughts.
  • Observer discomfort: where another's behaviour causes discomfort and distress to the observer. 
  • Dysfunctional behaviour: behaviour which interferes with a person's ability to lead a normal life.
  • UIPOD.
1 of 2

Failure to function adequately (FFA)

Limitations to FFA approach:

  • Similar to DSN definition, behaviour that looks like FFA may instead represent normal behaviour. 
  • FFA may not be linked to psychological disorders. 
  • Psychological disorders may not prevent a person from functioning adequately. 
  • Cultural dimension to FFA. Standard patterns of behaviour will vary from culture to culture so FFA may look very different depending upon the culture you're in. 
2 of 2


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Abnormality resources »