Factual details of Lenin's need for War Communism

Factual data, statistics, percentages etc on the policies and effects of War Communism, 1918 - 1921.

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Factual details of Lenin's need for War Communism

Crisis in the country (food shortages, production)

  •  Feb 1819, bread ration in Petrograd reduced to 50g per day per person.

Crisis in industry (factories, workers)


  •  By Apr 1918, Petrograd had lost 60% of its workforce, and 1million people had left the city by Jun. 
  • Urban proletariat decreased from 3.6 million in 1917 to 1.4 million in 1919.
  • Vyborg district of Petrograd saw population decrease from 69,000 to 5,000 by summer 1918.
  • Wages in 1919 were 2% of their 1913 level.
  • On average, an urban work spent 3/4 of his wages on food.


  • Executions by the Cheka between 1918 and 1920 around 13,000 (real estimated figure; 30,000) 
  • Children made up 5% of Moscow prisons in 1920.
  • During winter of 1919-20, 3000 peasant houses destroyed for wood.
  • In the 1920's, 42% of prostitutes in Moscow were of bouregois families.
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