Factors Hindering Development

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FACTORS HINDERING DEVELOPMENT

Social

Political/Physical

Environmental

Economic

Demographic - population

Remeber: SPEED

ohh and Climate

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SOCIAL: Water Quality and Availability

SOCIAL: Water Quality and Availability, Education, Healthcare

Ethiopia.. Water

90% of water used for agriculture

Rising PopulationIn developing countries

1.1 billion without clean water.2.5 billion without safe toilets

20% drink from dirty rivers/waterholes

Women spend hours fetching water so they are unable to have an education/job

80% of diseases casued by dirty water in Ethiopia

1 death every 15 seconds, 2 million die each year due to water related diseases

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POLITICAL

POLITICAL unrest, Democracy, War, Corruption, Incompetence

Zimbabwe

Corrupt Government!!!!

Governments spend money/resources making sure they stay in power

White farmers are terrorised and robbed of their land

Foreign countires are afraid to invest

Unstable government results in a weak economy

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PHYSICAL

Chad

Landlocked, no coast/ harbour so trade is limited

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ENVIRONMENTAL

Environmental Case Study: Climate, Natural Disaster, Drought

Monserrat is less developed because..

  • Soufriere Hills volcano erupted in 1995
  • 7,000 people immediately left
  • Telecommunications and financial serives industries closed
  • Young, professional people left Development stopped!!
  • Only 1 secondary school with a couple of teachers... NO youngsters!!
  • 4 nursing homes, no one to look after them!! (previously 1)
  • Port & Airport closed!
  • Farmland destroyed
  • Plymouth buried
  • Foreign companies did not re invest
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ECONOMIC

Africa is less developed because...

Rich countries will not pay much for goods

Poor wages mean lower economy

Poor infrastructure/ services

Poverty

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CLIMATE CHANGE

Bangladesh's response:

Less than 10m above sea level

Gloab farming has increased sea levels

By 2100 the sea will rise by 90cmT

housands have fled O Dhaka to countryside slums

Oxfam's South Asia River Basin Programme aims to build 2m banks to raise homes/villages above sea level so people don't loose homes or businesses

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