FACTORS HINDERING DEVELOPMENT
Demographic - population
ohh and Climate
SOCIAL: Water Quality and Availability
SOCIAL: Water Quality and Availability, Education, Healthcare
90% of water used for agriculture
Rising PopulationIn developing countries
1.1 billion without clean water.2.5 billion without safe toilets
20% drink from dirty rivers/waterholes
Women spend hours fetching water so they are unable to have an education/job
80% of diseases casued by dirty water in Ethiopia
1 death every 15 seconds, 2 million die each year due to water related diseases
POLITICAL unrest, Democracy, War, Corruption, Incompetence
Governments spend money/resources making sure they stay in power
White farmers are terrorised and robbed of their land
Foreign countires are afraid to invest
Unstable government results in a weak economy
Landlocked, no coast/ harbour so trade is limited
Environmental Case Study: Climate, Natural Disaster, Drought
Monserrat is less developed because..
- Soufriere Hills volcano erupted in 1995
- 7,000 people immediately left
- Telecommunications and financial serives industries closed
- Young, professional people left Development stopped!!
- Only 1 secondary school with a couple of teachers... NO youngsters!!
- 4 nursing homes, no one to look after them!! (previously 1)
- Port & Airport closed!
- Farmland destroyed
- Plymouth buried
- Foreign companies did not re invest
Africa is less developed because...
Rich countries will not pay much for goods
Poor wages mean lower economy
Poor infrastructure/ services
Less than 10m above sea level
Gloab farming has increased sea levels
By 2100 the sea will rise by 90cmT
housands have fled O Dhaka to countryside slums
Oxfam's South Asia River Basin Programme aims to build 2m banks to raise homes/villages above sea level so people don't loose homes or businesses