factors and processes affecting land use- Buenos Aries LEDC

factors and processes affecting land use case study for LEDC Buenos Aries

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land use

  • zonal- centred around Plaza de Mayo and colonial town hall (historic core of city) city expanded around core in a formal grid like pattern
  • between 1870-1900 much was rebuilt with luxury apartments, tree lined boulivards and formal gardens
  • low density suburbs such as Palermo, have large gardens, country clubs and tree lined streets similar to rich european areas
  • outer parts of Buenos Aries suffer from urban sprawl- low quality, high density housing with few open spaces, poorly maintained roads and services
  • squatter settlements occupy outskirts filled with poor quality housing, lack of services and located on unoccupied land near transport links
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  • situated on western shore of rio de la plata- flat extensive land wiyh direct access to atlantic ocean
  • next to parana river creating access to interior of Argentina
  • argicultural wealth of the Pampas provides produce for food processing industry
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  • mega city (10 million+)
  • CBD focusses on retail- shopping streets extend far from centre
  • modern offices in retiro quarter north of centre has banks, 5 star hotels, luxury apartments attracting wealthier inhabitants and their money (gentrification)
  • entertainment business- cinemas and operas
  • industry dominated by Puerto madero water front containing docks. fell into disrepair and was regenerated in 1990's
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  • housing varies greatly- centre has high quality housing (luxury flats and large gardens) further out in urban sprawl (low quality, high density housing mixed woith industry, few open spaces, poor lighting, poor quality of roads) little room to build extra housing pushing people into slums which have poor services and sanitation and low quality housing near transport links
  • physical separation due to gated communities- wealthier residents move away from CBD into luxury houses. due to proximity to slums enclaves are created to separate rich and poor
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  • regeneration- pierto madera water front improved by converting warehouses into luxury flats, bars, restaurants and a university. former docks is now a marina- leads to gentrification attracts wealthy inhabitants to area
  • suburbanisation- increasing population leads to urban sprawl as more begin to live on edge of city mostly in squatter settlements but also in wealthier enclaves in gated communities
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