F762 growth of tourism case studies

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: charlie
  • Created on: 16-02-14 16:26

CHINA tourism + economic development

  • outbound tourism 5M (1993) --> 31M (2005)
  • 2020 predicted to be 4th largest source at 100M 
  • 16.6M emploed in tourism industry inc. GDP by 2.5% (mulitplier effect)

REASONS

economic 

  • rising incomes due to manufacturing incomes cause people to spend + save more (inc. disposable income) + more FDI (approved destination status ADS)

social 

  • oversea tourism socially popular (specific ADS marketing) + improved marketing of attractions (great wall, shopping malls, skyscrapers) 

political 

  • 129 countries now ADS - relaxed gov. restrictions 
1 of 10

TENERIFE tourist issues in MEDC

  • east atlantic sea off west coast of Africa - largest of canary islands (2000km2 800,000 pop.)
  • sub tropical climate - all year desitination (Dec. 18 d.c + July 25 d.c)
  • NORTH = biodiverse ecotourism     
  • SOUTH = dry + in rain shadow (volcanic beaches - sand imported)

1960s+ (mass tourism in south) :

ECONOMIC BENEFITS = 1978 reina sofia airport, 80% GDP 

ENVIRO. =

  • 1954 mt. teide national park + UNESCO world heritage site 
  • quifer level drop + sand dredging destroyed marine habitat 

now (losing market share so redevlopment in ECOTOURISM): 

ECONOMIC BENEFITS = 2/5 toursim jobs - 5M visitors per year 

ENVRIO. = water scarcity + overdevelopment (in-migration) 

COMMUNITY = 5% agriculture decline + 1/3 arable land is farmed 

2 of 10

ST KITTS + NEVIS tourist development in LEDC

  • early stage of butlers model + sugar cane planatation closed 2005
  • 2005 $100M  = 2/3 islands GDP 
  • 2004 - 120,000 visitors (-ve as more tourists than residents 48,000) 
  • natural tourist resoures - sun,sea,rainforest,volcanoes (protected by gov.)
  • architectural resources - Georgian, Brimstone hill 
  • human resources - 98% educated to secondary level + english speaking 
  • tourist infrastructure improvement - airport, Basseterre harbour for ships (up to 75000 tonnes)

PROBLEMS 

  • enclave tourism 
  • economic leakage 
  • coral reef pollution 
3 of 10

ANTIGUA/GRENADA - cultural benefits

CURTAIN BLUFF - OLD ROAD FUND, ANTIGUA 

  • 1974 - inititally just for neediest families 
  • now over US$ 1M spent on uni scholarship assistance, medical relief, abroad summer camps
  • 45 received full uni scholarship + 150 U.S tennis camps + >20 healthcare benefits 

SPICE ISLAND BEACH RESORT, GRENADA 

  • 66 room locally owned hotel - supports GRAND ANSE roman catholic school (400 students)
  • scholarships 5 students/year for purchase of books + supplies 
  • funding printing of set workbooks from CTO to teach tourism 
  • trained 1 teacher from primary + secodary schools to teach CTO curriculum 
4 of 10

LEDC ANTIGUA

ECONOMIC 

  • 96c for every $1 to USA + no access to senior jobs 
  • £200M/year + 6000 direct employment 

ENVIRONMENTAL 

  • mangrove swamp destruction - dredging stir sediments + settle on corals 
  • feautures expolited - physical beauty advertised 

SOCIAL 

  • hotels fasely accuse locals + westernised music 
  • CURTAIN BLUFF - 'old road fund' 
5 of 10

LEDC ST KITTS

ECONOMIC 

  • no benefits to areas NW of Basseterre + over dependency in SW 
  • Robert C Bradshaw airport caters large aircraft - BOEING 747 + Basseterre ships 

ENVIRONMENTAL 

  • 1270 --> 1905mm of rainfall/year + surface run off + only sewage system in FRIGATE BAY 
  • features of island exploited - physical beauty advertised 

SOCIAL

  • cruise ship passengers = conjestion + resources imported not locally sourced 
  • world heritage site (BRIMSTONE HILL) + direct/indirect jobs created 
6 of 10

MEDC TENERIFE

ECONOMIC 

  • over dependency (2/5 tourism jobs low skills) + late stage of butlers model (TURKEY winning)
  • 80 % GDP + 1978 south reina sofia airport 

ENVIRONMENTAL 

  • aquifer level drop + water scarcity (2 plants) + sand dredging destroys habitats 
  • protection 1954 MT TEIDE national park + UNESCO world heritage site 

SOCIAL

  • 1/3 arable land is farmed (5% agri. dec.) + lang. spoken change + rural dereliction 
  • ECOTOURISM developed - sustainable jobs + beach activities 
7 of 10

NIC CHINA

ECONOMIC 

  • 2020 4th largest outbound toursim country (100M) + inc. ADS allows more FDI 

ENVIRONMENT 

  • SMOG - inc. pollution due to inc. numbers 
  • SANYA, HAIMAN - island aspects inc. gov. promotions + 2007 luxury tourism 

SOCIAL

  • improved marketing - wall of china, skycrapers, shopping malls - 
  • 16.6M (2.1% employment) in tourism industry + 2.5% inc. GDP 
  • 31 UNESCO world heritage sites 
8 of 10

AQUILA ECO LODGES - eco tourism

  • 100km2
  • injects AUS$ 210M into area
  • strong cultural attraction - 2/3 rds aboriginal art + rare species of animals 

BUILDING DESIGN

  • north-facing orientation - maximise shade + trap light 
  • shading mechanism - reduce energy use in summer 
  • insulation - smart glass 
  • energy - efficient evaportive coolers - only 60w ligh bulbs 
  • embedded energy - local materials sourced + only fallen timbers 

POWER, WATER + WASTE MANAGEMENT 

  • solar power + biodiesel generator 
  • active water catchment + grey water recycling - future use in irrigation + flushing toilets 
  • biolytic composting system - worms breakdown organic waste by residents 
  • recycling 
9 of 10

EASTERN EQUADOR - ecotourism

ENVRIO. ATTRACTIONS 

  • diversity of flora + fauna (plant+animal life) 10% worlds plant species 
  • volcanic Galapagos islands + amazon rainforest around Tena 
  • Galapagos rare species - giant tortoises, blue footed boobies 

EL PBUTANO ECOFARM 1996 as tourist destination 

  • 300 ha + 80 ha secondary cleared forest 
  • small tourist capacity (16 guest farmhouse) + banana + fruit outputs 
  • tours in woods + community projects (no exchange of gifts (westernisation)) 

COMMUNITY BENEFIT 

  • Quotas allow locals % profit+1/2 money reinvested in infrastructure+local tourist purchases
  • eco friendly + exclusive (low + uninvasive) + tourists educated in community projects 

NATURAL ENVIROMENT PROTECTION 

  • national parks + nature reserves + no 'mass-market' + traditional methods (reduce damage)
10 of 10

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all tourism resources »