- Lava flow onto area immidiately surrounding the first fissure eruption.
- Ash cloud from second eruption thrown up 5 miles into the atmosphere.
- The second eruption caused melt of the glacier. 1st day of 2nd eruption there were 2 flash floods damaging the main road around the island and stopping traffic.
- THe ash covered the surrounding farmland forcing the farmers to move their livestock.
- The ash that was thrown up into the atmosphere caused airspace over most of Europe to be closed, forcing people to be stranded abroad which cost companies £millions to try and get them home.
- Businesses as employees were stranded abroad.
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- Fertile soils. Farmers to the south of the volcano reported record yields the following year
- Because so many flights were grounded there was a huge decrease in CO2 emissions. An estimated 1.2 - 2.8 million tonnes of CO2 stopped from going to the atmosphere.
- Coach + Cruise ship companies benefitted as they helped stranded people get home.
- Some people enjoyed their extended holiday and werent too bothered about being stranded.
- The tectonic activity in Iceland provides geothermal heating - so cheap energy, enabling farmers to heat greenhouses and outdoor thermal bathing
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- Thousands of airline passengers were stranded all over the world.
- Airlines + holiday companies lost millions as their flights were grounded and they had to pay for ways back or accomodation.
- Fruit and Veg etc. lost as the produce couldnt be flown around the world.
- Farmers livestock had to be moved.
- There can be long term healt issues if the ash gets in your eyes or lungs so face masks had to be worn to protect these.
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- Flights grounded and within 4 days nearly all of Europes major airports were closed.
- Meteoroligists and air safety moniter ash cloud closely
- Livestock moved to safety
- 800 residents next to the volcano evacuated
- Roads quickly repairedas only one route round the island.
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Long Term Responses
- Air fares increased as companies attmept to recoup losses.
- Better equipment to measure ash levels.
- Tourism is premoted to see the effects of the volcano
- Local shops stock souvenirs
- President of Iceland urges European governments to plan for future eruptions
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