External Factors

Material Deprivation

There are 3 factors of material deprivation:

  • Housing 
  • Income
  • Diet and Health
  • It is linked to household income 
  • If you don't have the resources you need you will find it more difficult to succeed in education
  • This links to ethnicity because ethnic groups are more likely to suffer from material deprivation 
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Flaherty 2004

  • He believes that ethnic minorities are much more likely to face the problem of material deprivation. 
  • 1. Pakistanis and Bangladeshis are over three times more likely than whites to be the poorest fifth of the population.
  • 2. Unemployment is three times more likely for African and Bangladeshi/ Pakistani people than for whites.
  • 3. 15% of ethnic minority households live in overcrowded conditions, compared with only 2% of white households. 
  • Pakistanis are nearly twice as likely to be in unskilled or semi-skilled jobs compared to whites. Ethnic minority workers are more likely to be engaged in shift work. 
  • Bangladeshi and Pakistani women are more likely to be engaged in low-paid homeworking, sometimes for as little as £1.50 per hour. 
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Free School Meals

  • It is important to look at these results to determine the difference between different ethnicities for example 11% white British pupils have free school meals whereas 5% Bangladeshi pupils have free school meals. This shows that white British pupils are more privelliged than Bangladeshi pupils. 
  • It's ore important to highlight whether materail deprivation affects educational achievement. 

Evaluation- Flaherty 

  • There are ethnic minorities that achieve highly therefore he might not be considering all factors. 
  • Some teachers may be racist, affecting their educational achievement.
  • If a child goes to a bad school they're less likely to achieve highly. 
  • Some ethnic minorities may come from a high class backgriund meaning they'll have more opportunities and more more for resources.
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