- German advantage over Britain-due to size of Germanys companies. Britain only had one firm with the annual capacity to produce over 300,000 tonnes of steel. Germany had 10.
- Steel production fuelled the growth of other companies included armaments and railwys. The prussian railways expanded from 5000 in 1876 to 37,000 in 1914
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- chemicals was stimulated by the demand for explosives from the military and tyes from textiles.
- In 1924 Great Britain imported around 80% of its chemical dyes, the majority from Germany.
- Germany led the way in Pharmaceuticals
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- Extent of benefits to different scoial classes varied
- Demographic revolution-expansions of towns ands cities
- Rapid population growth
- Attracted by regular work and pay
- Better hygiene and medicine-decline in infant mortaily-INDICATOR
- Building of tramways
- 1896-1912 the proortion of taxpayers assessed on incomes under 900 marks fell from 75% to 52%. Real wages increased.
- Overcrowding and poor quality of acconomdation due to rate of expansion
- Unemployment and homelessness (mainly unskilled)
- Growth of middle lcass white collar workers
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- Fortunes of agriculture fluctuated due to urbanisation and industrialisation which benefitted big business.
Strengths within agricultural system
- Bismarks1897 Tariff Law protected German farms-both junkers and peasantry
- High prices they recieved
- Rapid population created extra demand+ growth in prices.
- Chemical industry-fertilisers increased yields
- Mechanisation of agriculture, more effcient and less labour intensive increasing output.
Weaknesses within agricultural system
- Urbanisation and loss of workforce to cities
- Recruitment of foreign workers
- Threats of modernatisation i.e imports and refridgerated shipping-cheaper meat.
- Hard to mantain traditional large estate-debt increase- between 1896-1912 astates sold more frequently then before.
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