EXPERIMENTS for THERAPIES

Experiments for therapies

  • Specific
  • Social
  • Agoraphobia
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BIOLOGICAL -Drug/Chemotherapy

Gelernter

  • found BZs to be more effective than a placebo

Lecrubier

  • 60% of pateints with panic disorder remained free of panic when using BZs

Linden

  • neither the dosage or length of treatment added to dependency, it is psychological not physical

Fyer

  • treats symptoms not causes --> relapse rate when medication stops
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BEHAVIOURAL - SD

Systematic Desensititzation - Wolpe

Clarke

  • In vivo technique is more effective, than in vitro

Mcgrath

  • fond SD to be effective for 75% of specific phobias

Barlow

  • graded exposure more beneficial and preferred choice by patients
  • 90% of patients cued in 5 sessions of grade exposure
  • 50% relapse occur with agoraphobics
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BEHAVIOURAL continued....

OST

  • conducted a study with hierarchy of feared stimuli and 20 patients were cured after one session
  • no matter how severe the phobia, 90% were much improved after a 4 year follow up

Craske

  • 50% relapse rate for agoraphobics

Burke

  • patients found SD combined with medication was more effective for agoraphobia

Critics argue about symptom subsitition, however no evidence has supported that yet

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BEHAVIOURAL - Modelling

Bandura

  • in clinical studies of snake phobias
  • 90% success rate
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COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL CBT

Barlow

  • found CBT to be more effective for generalised anxiety dirsorders and social phobias
  • and behavioural was more beneficial for OCD and specific

Burke

  • graded exposire of SD vs CBT = graded more beneficial and preffered

Huppert

  • more experienced therapists acheived better outcome measured with clients with anxiety disorders then less experiences collegues.
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PSYCHODYNAMIC

Eagle

  • exposure techniwurs of the feared object are more appropriate because psychodynamic can often bring up topics which are emotional and stir up feeling which in turn mark the situation and thoughts of the phobia worse.
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