- Created by: lwilson23
- Created on: 23-01-19 15:51
- the following is an example of discourse between husband and wife (Sally and Bill)
S: 'well who's gonna look through the bin for it? (1.0)
B: you? (.)
- interaction between grandparents and grandaughter (Emma is the child)
E: 'right wrap that one up' (.) - imperative may be seen as face-threatening, but this is more likely to be due to Emma being younger in age and therefore not understanding the conventions of conversation.
- Jeremy Paxman's interaction with Micheal Howard (repeated use of 'did you threaten to overrule him?') is a form of face-threat - forces Howard to answer the question.
- COUPLAND'S travel agency study in Cardiff showed convergence in play.
- football supporters who follow different teams may emphasise the regional accent of the area of the team they support when in an argument with an oppostion fan.
- when challenged on their Welsh accent in a linguistic study, Welsh speakers were found to broaden their Welsh accent or speak in a more aggressive tone once this happened, evidencing divergence. Some would even introduce Welsh words into their answers to the survey questions.
Flouting/Violation of the Maxims
A: 'Is Gail dating anyone these days?
B: 'She goes to Cleveland every weekend.
Joan: I’ve been dating this new guy for a while now, but I think I need to break up with him. He’s always late, he never has any money, and I think he was hitting on my roommate last night.
Ivan: (Uttered in a sarcastic tone) He’s a real keeper.
Ivan is speaking an untruth so is therefore flouting this Maxim.
Flouting/Violation of the Maxims Continued
George Costanza from Seinfeld's message on his answering machine: 'Believe it or not, George isn’t at home. Please leave a message after the beep. I must be out or I’d pick up the phone. Where could I be? Believe it or not, I’m not at home.'
Interviewer: Did the Government promise teachers a raise and not start any legal procedures about it?
Spokesperson: I would not try to steer you away from that conclusion.
An attempt to save face and preserve public image.
Examples of Politeness
- paying compliments and showing signs of liking someone.
- 'Professor, I was wondering if you could tell us about the Chamber of Secrets.'(Hermione in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets)
- 'Sorry to interrupt, but have you got the time?'
- very much the same as the examples for positive and negative politeness, compliments, providing options and avoiding imposing on others.
- 'it's entirely up to you' is an example of providing options.