Question one is an inference question
Think about what is suggested or implied by the source
Explain how the source helped you to make that inference
Don't just describe what the source shows
You must make at least two inferences
Support each inference
If it is a picture source try to find some key messages in the picture- don't simply decribe what you see
Don't copy out large chuncks of writing from a written source
Use words like suggests, infers, indicates instead of, this proves or demonstrates.
End the answer with a two line conclusion to summerise the key message.
eg. Clearly the cartoonist/ authors key message is that...
This is an analysis question
You need to explain the message the source is trying to give.
Think about why the source was created and how their creator get the message across.
Think about what has and hasn't been included and why
Identify the message of the source
Explain how the message is being given
For visual sources think about colours, posistions and the use of light.
For written sources think about the language used details given and the order they have been presented.
This is a cross referencing question
List the ways sources agree with eachother or support the statement
List the ways sources disagree with eachother or don't support the statement
Make an overall judgment about how far they agree
Explain how far sources agree and disagree
Explain you judgment in terms of both content and reliability
Underline all points that agree or disagree in different colours
Consider overall attitude of the source and why the may differ
Do you need to consider reliability
This is an usefulness or reliabilty question
Think about what information in the source is relevant to the topic of the question
Considering reliability- who created the source and why do you trust the source
Judge the usefulness of the content of each source, take into account how that is affected by the sources reliability
Judge which source is more useful- some sources may be mery useful in one way but not in another.
When explaining how useful sources are explain its revelance to the question
Consider the strengths and weaknesses of the source
This question is about evaluating a hypothesis
Carefully read the statement
Decide which sources agree and disagree with the statement
Give evidence from the sources and own knowledge
Think about the reliability
Use all the named sources
Weigh up evidence given in the sources and using your own knowledge draw up a conclusion
Hints and Tips for examining sources
Content: What can you get directly from the source
Bias: A source is still useful even if it is biased because it can give someones opinion on an event.
Selection: What has been included in the source what has been left out. This is important for considering reliability, usefullness and purpose of a source.
Purpose: The reason the source was created could be a question but it is also useful to assess the reiliability of the source.
Origins: The caption should tell you who produced the source ad when- this will help you assess the reliabilty of the source.
Nature: What type of source is it? A diary, newspaper article, cartoon. This will help assess the usefullness and reliability of the source.