Independent Labour Party
- Formed in 1893 by Kier Harding
- Based on three sources of inflence:
- Radical liberalism
- Trade unionism
- James Ramsay MacDonald joined in 1894 (went on to be the first Labour Prime Minister in 1924)
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Labour Representation Committee (LRC)
- In 1900 some trade unions decided that more direct political action was needed.
- A conference was held in which trade unions discussed how they could secure better representation of the interests of the Labour Party in the House of Commons.
- Lead to the formation of a "distinct labour group in parliament who will have their own whips and agree upon their own policy".
- Wanted to call it the United Labour Party but this was considered a bit controversial so they called it the LRC instead.
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- The title was formally developed in 1906.
- The MPs that were elected we're all working class, their wages were funded by trade unions.
- The numerous candidates and groups within the party deided to work as a single parliamentory party.
- The Miners Union didn't merge with the party until 1908 and when they did there was a clear change in the political weight of the party.
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