Evidence of Class Inequality

  • Created by: louiseka_
  • Created on: 26-03-14 09:09

Evidence of Class Inequality - McDonough m/c value


  • Middle class are successful in passing on values of hard work and educational achievement.
  • Most sons of higher proffessionals end up in similae jobs.
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Evidence of Class Inequality - Lansley


  • Wealth inequality linked to tax inequality
  • Rich have more advantageous tax
  • Most of the 300 companies in the virgin group are registered off shore to avoid taxes e.g. Philip Green who owns Topshop.
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Evidence of Class Inequality - Savage m/c & lifest


-His survey data was used to identify 3 types of m/c lifestyles.

  • Postmodern = diverse interests, extravagant tastes, health conscious.
  • Ascetic = high cultural capital, modest economic capital, leisure = individualistic and intellectual.
  • Managerial = least distinctive, conventional activities, more country side and heritage related issues.
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Evidence of Class Inequality - Roberts m/c values

Roberts - 3 main 'preoccupations'

  • Service = particulary in relationship with employer.
  • Career = seek opportunities for progression and promotion: linked to aspiration for children.
  • Meritocracy = positions should be achieved by ability and effort.
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Evidence of Class Inequality - Scott - u/c and soc


  • Education: top public schools, most prestigious universities; social contact made in school/uni give access to positions of power and influence 'old boy network'. Socialised into high levels of self confidence and social superiority.
  • Family, marriage and kinship: exclusive lifestyle; socialise with other u/c; more intermarriage.
  • Social and Leisure activities: 'The Season' - exclusive social events e.g. Henley regatta, Ascot, hunting and shooting.
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Evidence of Class Inequality - Weber (1864 -1920)

Weber (1864 -1920)

  • Classes formed in the market place e.g. one group hire labour, another sell their market.
  • The rewards (life chances) that arise from this help explain class. Similar classes have similar life chances.
  • Stresses that non-economic factors can affect life chances, especially status.
  • Economic position may be different to status, e.g. nurses lack wealth but have high status.
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Evidence of Class Inequality - Murray (New Right)

Murray - Critical view of the u/c

  • Lazy, workshy - 'new rabble'
  • Welfare system creates a dependency.
  • Underclass chose welfare over work.
  • Young women see single parent hood as normal life course.
  • Young men repeat pattern of absent, jobless fathers.
  • Poor male role model contribute to juvenile crime rates.

X - <span style="font-size: 120%;">Murray 'blames the victim' and takes no account of social exclusion.

X - Dean and Taylor-Gooby argue that the underclass share the same values as everyone else in society and are not distinct group in that sense.

X - Saunders problems reinforced by economic situation - 'sooner or later the uemployed become unemployable'.</span>

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