Ignores positive functions of religion, such as psychological adjustment to misfortune. Neo-Marxists see certian forms of religion as assisting, as opposed to developing class conciousness.
based on romantic idea that humans have 'true self'. This conept is an inadequate basis for a theory of religion
Religion is not an effecitve ideology
Abercrombie and Turner (1978)
In a pre-capitalist society, Christianity was a major element of ruling class ideology only had a limited impact on the peasantry.