Evaluation of Marxist theories of religion

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Ignores positive

Ignores positive functions of religion, such as psychological adjustment to misfortune. Neo-Marxists see certian forms of religion as assisting, as opposed to developing class conciousness.

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Not scientific

Althusser (1971)

based on romantic idea that humans have 'true self'. This conept is an inadequate basis for a theory of religion

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Religion is not an effecitve ideology

Abercrombie and Turner (1978)

In a pre-capitalist society, Christianity was a major element of ruling class ideology only had a limited impact on the peasantry.

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