EUTHANASIA

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 08-04-16 19:39

WHAT IS EUTHANASIA?

SUICIDE

ASSISTED SUICIDE / DYING

VOLUNTARY / NON VOLUNTARY / INVOLUNTARY 

ACTIVE / PASSIVE

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KEY ISSUES?

WHAT IS A GOOD DEATH?

CONSENT 

ACT OMISSION VS COMPASSION

INTENTION / MOTIVATION

RIGHT TO LIFE

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DOCTORS DILEMMA

INFLUENCED FOUR PRINCIPLES

PRINCIPLE BENEFICENCE

PRINCIPLE NON-MALEFICENCE

PRINCIPLE AUTONMY 

PRINCIPLE JUSTICE 

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PRINCPLE BENEFICENCE

DOING WHATS BEST PATIENT

DEFINED MAKING HAPPY NOT NECESSARILY 

IGNORES INTEREST OTHER PEOPLE / SOCIETY

DOCTORS CLEAR WHO IS PATIENT

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PRINCIPLE NON-MALEFICENCE

ABOVE ALL DO NO HARM

DOCTOS STEAR CLEAR ANYTHING CAUSE INJURY / DEATH ANYBODY

PREDICT / WEIGH UP OUTCOMES ACTIONS 

MAY RULE OUT RISKY PROCEDURES - HARM DEEMED

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PRINCIPLE AUTONOMY

RESPECT WISHES WANT BEST INTEREST

PATIENT INFORMED - DONT MAKE DECISIONS / PERSUADE 

PRESUMES PATIENT CAPABLE MAKING COMPLEX DECISIONS 

HARD DRAW LINE AUTONOMOUS PATIENTS & TOO YOUNG

SHIRKING RESPONSIBILITY DOCTORS 

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PRINCIPLE JUSTICE

ACT BEST INTEREST  COMMUNITY

BALANCING RESOURCES 

APPLYING LAWS CONSITENTLY - NO EXCEPTIONS

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SANCTITY VS QUALITY LIFE

GLOVER AUNTI-EUTHANSIA FOCUS VALUE LIFE

TWO PLANET EXAMPLE

SAVING PLANET LIFE RECOGNISES VALUE

SOME ARGUE VALUE LEADS SOMETHING E.G. HAPPINESS - SINGER & MILL

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ARGUMENTS FOR

RIGHT TO LIFE SO RIGHT TO DEATH

KINDEST MOST LOVING - SITUATION ETHICS

PEOPLE AUTONOMOUS - RESPECT DESIRES

ENTITLED PAINFREE DEATH DIGNITY 

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ARGUMENTS AGAINST

GOD MADE LIFE IMAGE - NO RIGHT TAKE AWAY

KILLING WRONG

ALLOW SOMETIMES - SLIPPERY SLOPE ABORTION EG

CHANGE ROLE MEDICAL PROFESSION

DEVALUES HUMAN LIFE

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BIBLICAL ETHICS

GENESIS 1:27 - GOD CREATED MAN OWN IMAGE - LIFE INTRINSIC VALUE

PURPOSEFULLY & UNIQUELLY DESGINED TREATED END IN THEMSELVES - KANT

EXODUS 20:13 - THOU SHALL NOT MURDER

PSALMS - KNIT ME TOGETHER MOTHERS WOMB

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SITUATION ETHICS

RELATIVE

LOVING - GREAT PAIN, LOW QUALITY LIFE

WRONG - SELFISH ACT, RELATIVE PRESSURE GET INHERITENCE

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NATURAL LAW

SELF PRESERVATION - DEDUCE NO EUTHANSIA / SUICIDE

REAL GOODS - LEAD FLOURISHING - REFUSE END LIFE

APPARENT GOOD - HELPING DIE APPEAR GOOD - NOT LEAD FLOURISHING

DOUBLE EFFECT - JUSTIFY IF SECONDARY CONSEQUENCE PRIMARY INTENTION E.G. TOO MANY PAINKILLERS = DEATH

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ACT UTILITARIANISM

HEDONIC CALCULUS WEIGH CONSQUENCES PAIN / PLEASURE

RIGHT LOT PAIN RSET OF LIFE - PAIN INTENSE

WRONG - SUFFERING DEPRESSION FAMILY FRIEND GREATER EXTENT PAIN

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RULE UTILITARIANISM

GENERAL PRINCIPLES SPECIFIC ACTS PROHIBITED

KILL ALL SUFFER

PEOPLE FREEDOM DO WANT LIVES

PROMOTING GREATEST NET UTILITY

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KANTIAN ETHICS

DESIRE DIE AGAINST GOOD WILL / DUTY

UNIVERSAL LAW

MAXIM - KILL - NOT UNIVERSALISABLE - LEAD EXTINCTION CONTRADICT LAW NATURE.DONT WANT LOVED ONES DIE - CONTRADICTION LAW WILL

TREAT END THEMSELVES

DOCTOR MEANS END WRONG - INSTRUMENTAL VALUE

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