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  • particiapnts shouldn't be reffered to by name
  • never refer to a participant by their first name, use their surname or give them a false name
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  • should know what the investigation is about and what could happen to them before they give their fully informed consent
  • fully informed consent can lead to demand characterisitcs so presumptive consent (participants don't give consent but a second group of particiapnts are told nothing about the experiment, if they give their consent, we assume the first group would too) or prior general consent (participants told about the experiment in general and then they give their consent)
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  • passive and active deception prevent fully infomred consent and infringe ethical rights
  • avoid deception unless necessary to prevent investigator effects which could lower internal validity
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  • experiments shouldn't expose participants to anymore stress and distress that they ma encounter in their everyday lives
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right to withdraw

  • should be told the have the right to withdraw at any time.
  • their data should be deleted if they have left the expriment early
  • debriefing session should be carried out which will return them to the emotional state they were in at the start of the experiment
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