Ethics 2 Glossary

Key definitions needed in your Religious Studies : Ethics 2 / Christianity 

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  • Created by: Amy Smith
  • Created on: 14-05-12 19:03

Capital Punishment

The death penalty as punishment for a crime. 

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Discrimination

Treating different people or groups of people differently (unfairly) 

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Ecumenism

A principle within Christianity that aims to create a unity amongst the different Christian traditions 

e.g Roman catholics, Anglicans, Methodists etc 

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Equality

Idea that everybody should be treated equally and that they are just as important as everyone. 

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Evangelising

Speading the Christian message with the aim of converting people to the faith. 

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Forgiveness

Stopping being angry with someone for something they have done wrong. 

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Human Dignity

Idea that all human life is valuable and that everyone has the right to be treated with respect. 

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Justice

Idea that each person should get what they deserve; also of fairness and upholding what is right. 

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Just War

War fought in a just cause, as a last resort, with a good chance of success, and with proportionality. 

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Pacifism

The belief that war and physical violence is wrong under any circumstances. 

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Prejudice

Judging someone or something with no good reason or without full knowledge of the situation. 

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Proportionality

The harm caused by war has to be less then the harm caused trying to prevent war. 

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Punishment

Penalty imposed on someone for a commiting a crime/offence. 

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Racism

DIscrimination against people of other races. 

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Reconciliation

Returning to harmony and friendship after conflict. 

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Retribution

Idea that punishment is a way of revenge or making someone "pay" for an injury they have caused. 

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Rehabilitation

Treatment given to criminals that aims to change them so that they will not reoffend and to prepare them to return back to normal life. 

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Sexism

Treating someone unfairly based on their gender 

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Social Injustice

Unequal treatment of different groups of people or the uneven distribution of wealth within an society. 

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Victim

SOmeone harmed by violence or suffering any form of abuse. 

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War

Armed conflict between nations or groups of people. 

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