Absolute morality: A rule that is true in all situations and at all times. E.g. somethings are always right and always wrong (stealing is wrong, following all the laws in the UK is right)
Relative morality: A judgement that depends on the circumstance e.g. there is nothing that is always right or wrong (stealing is wrong, however stealing to feed your starving family is right)
Teleological ethical theory: Depends on the outcome, sometimes the action can seem wrong, but the outcome in invaluable as it makes the action correct
Deontological ethical theory: People should adhere their obligations and duties when analysing an ethical dilemma. The rule is the rule and some rules must be kept
Hedonism: A group Greeks who sought out to find the greatest pleasure in life
Act utilitarianism: A form of utlitarianismism by Jeremy Bentham, applied to specific situations and doesn't take into account general rule
Rule utilitarianism: A form of utlitarianismism by John Stewart Mills, Actions are moral when they conform to the rules that leads to the greatest good. Laws by government for everyone in society.
Hedonic Calculus: A chart that quantifies pain or pleasure. This theory was thought of by Jeremy Bentham
Situation Ethics: An ethical theory by Joseph Fletcher who stresses that whatever the situation/circumstance you must do 'the most loving thing'
The 1960s: THe introduction of the contraception pill to women. A revolution for women e.g. the idea of the housewife role slowly began to disappear. The most recent 'baby boom' period, and a lot of drug abusers and 'hippies'
Antinomianism: Believing in God, and not having any guiding principles
Legalism: Following a religion e.g. Christianity and its holy book e.g. the Bible word for word