- Created by: emmalum
- Created on: 06-02-19 10:28
- His book was called 'Nicomachean ethics'
- Two types of virtues: Intellectual (such as knowledge and wisdom)
Moral ( Such as courage and strength)
- 5 intellectual virtues (divided into 3 classes):
Theoretical: Wisdom, Science and Reason
Practical: Phronesis (practical wisdom)
- Doctrine of the mean- finding a balance between too much or too little of a quality (for example, doing too much or too little excersize can be bad for your health)
- Eudaimonia- ultimate happiness or human 'flourishing'
Virtue ethics- MacIntyre
- his book is called 'After Virtue'
- He believed that people need to be virtuous for society to work
- He created eight modern virtues: Courage
Virtue ethics- Ansombe and Foot
- we can flourish if we use the virtues
- Trolly-car analogy
- Virtues should be used to make the world a better place
Divine command theory
- Arbitrariness problem (Plato) -"is something good because it is God's will or is it God's will because it is good?"
- Frankena- If God commands us to do something, no matter how evil it may seem, we should do it as we cannot understand God's ways
- Adams- God is good which means his commands must always be good.
- The story of God asking Abraham to kill his own son.
- The idea that any action is selfish
- Altruism-an act that is purely selfless
- Empiricus believed that humans live to maximise their own pleasure
- Psychological egosim- everything is selfish even if that is not the intention
- Rachel believed that egoism endorses selfishness but not foolishness
- Stirner believed in the union of egosits- a group of people all acting in self interest