Ethical theories and application in research
Animal Rights Movement gained strength from books of two philosophers: Tom Regan (1983): The Case for Animal Rights Animals are themselves an end in their own right. In the same way that people are an end in their own right. Peter Singer (1975): Animal Liberation Animals are themselves an end in their own right. In the same way that people are an end in their own right. No one is ever allowed to use an animal or human that has intrinsic value or ‘rights’ in a way that is purely a means.
Animals have been used in experimental studies for nearly 2,500 years.
Harms that come to the animal: Pain, Suffering, Discomfort, Long lingering illness, Limitations on their freedoms and movements, premature death
Approximately in the UK during 2009: 2,800,000 animals used in research 900,000,000 animals (excluding fish) farmed
Generates life-saving and life-improving medications for humans and animals. Increases our knowledge base of disease. Improves our ability to treat human deficits and increase our abilities. Cosmetic? Anatomy demonstration to schools?