Ethical Naturalism & Intuitionist

  • Created by: Nicoletta
  • Created on: 14-09-17 12:46

Ethical Naturalism

Ethical Naturalism 

RIGHT & WRONG -- Natural World & Human Nature

Natural Moral Law & Utilitranism

Ethical & Non-ethical tested and viewed as the same.

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Ethical Naturalism

What is 'good'?

Hedonic Naturalisn -- Perry-- 'good' action that brings happiness. Non-Ethical element is pleasure.

Theological Naturalism -- Aquinas-- 'good' linked to the will of God. Non-Ethical element is God's will.

'Good' doesn't exist on its own, its either pleasure, happiness or God's will.

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Ethical Naturalism

F.H. Bradley

Believes self-realisation, duty and happinesscomes from doing the good for the community.

For the community is better than for an individual.

Everyone has a place in society and we have to do our duty to that place.

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We know what is good and bad due to human nature.

Disgreements are on the path taken to a good action not the action itself.

Simple idea- can't break it down.

Can't say an ethical judgement is a factual judgement.

You can't use a non-moral premise to establish a moral conculsiosn.

'Good' is good nothing else.

Moral judgements can never be proved empirically.

Can't prove his own case.

Doubtful explanation to account for moral disagreements.

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Developed prim facie duties.- moral obligation that bids us to follow unless a higher duty overrides it.

7 foundational principles - promise keeping, reparation form harm, gratitude, justice, beneficence, self-improvement and non-maleficence. These empahised a personal character of duty.

Reject utilitrainism.

Important in making descions but our action is down to our own judgemnt.

Only know what you know- not absolute knowledge.

Good things can be different fromt he right things.

No account for rights.

Made generlised comments.

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Wrong to justify moral obligatio by reducing it to an intrest/ something else.

Moral obligations present themself directly to our intuition.

Reasoning - collected together the fatcs concerned.

Intuition- determine what course to follow.

Didn't beleieve in linking moral obligations to the intrsic goodness of an action.

People's morals differ becuase some have cleare moral intuitions than others.

Doesn't adequately explain how we discrimate between the conculsions when our intuitions differ.

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