Eschatological Beliefs: Predestination

Predestination

All Muslims believe that Allah has control over creation, but they differ over whether or not this means that everything happens because Allah wills it

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Jabrites

This group believe that all human actions are determined by Allah and humans have no free will at all. This causes problems for human responsibility for shirk.

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Mutazilites

They believe the opposite: that humans have absolute free will and as a result they will be judged accordingly on Judgement Day. This is the viewpoint adopted by the Shi’a minority.

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Asharism

This is an attempt to reconcile the two polar opposites. Human actions are created by Allah but then selected by human beings. Allah could also show mercy to sinners in Hell and release them.

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