- To look at the impact of preschool on a childs intellectual/social/behavioural development
- Find out if social inequalities could be reduced by pre school attendance
This was a Government funded study and researchers followed children from age 3/4. They used observations and interviews of 3000 children of a range of social backgrounds. Two groups were focused on - Those in daycare, and those that were looked after at home. The 'home' group was the control group.
Results / Conclusions
It was found that:
- High quality care improved the childs developmanet
- The earlier a child started daycare, the better their intellectual benefit
- the longer they spent in daycare, the better their sociability/independance
- Full time daycare was more beneficial than part-time
- This project supports daycare (if it is of a good quality and inclusive of all social and ethnic backgrounds
+INCLUSION OF A CONTROL GROUP AND A WELL CONTROLLED SAMPLE - Cause and effect conclusions can safely be drawn
+LONGITUDINAL STUDY - Individual differences were controlled, so a lot of data was gathered
-BIASED? The Government funded this study and they benefit from children being in daycare and mothers being in work.
-UNGENERALISABLE - UK study only, as was taken out on British children, so the findings apply to the UK only