EPPE Project in the UK, Unit 3

Overview of the British Study of daycare and its effects.

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  •  To look at the impact of preschool on a childs intellectual/social/behavioural development
  • Find out if social inequalities could be reduced by pre school attendance
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This was a Government funded study and researchers followed children from age 3/4. They used observations and interviews of 3000 children of a range of social backgrounds. Two groups were focused on - Those in daycare, and those that were looked after at home. The 'home' group was the control group.

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Results / Conclusions

It was found that:

  • High quality care improved the childs developmanet
  • The earlier a child started daycare, the better their intellectual benefit
  • the longer they spent in daycare, the better their sociability/independance
  • Full time daycare was more beneficial than part-time
  • This project supports daycare (if it is of a good quality and inclusive of all social and ethnic backgrounds
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+INCLUSION OF A CONTROL GROUP AND A WELL CONTROLLED SAMPLE - Cause and effect conclusions can safely be drawn

+LONGITUDINAL STUDY - Individual differences were controlled, so a lot of data was gathered

-BIASED? The Government funded this study and they benefit from children being in daycare and mothers being in work.

-UNGENERALISABLE - UK study only, as was taken out on British children, so the findings apply to the UK only

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