Environmental Issues

Revision cards on the unit environmental issues

  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 16-05-10 20:17

What is an environmental issue?

Natural Environment is any part of the planet that ia already there, e.g. Land or Sea

Problems that we face:

  • Global warming
  • Recycling
  • Animal Extinction
  • Deforestation
  • Pollution (Noise/Air/Sea)
  • Land fill sites
  • Desertification


  • Population --> 0.5billion to 6billion in 2000 years --> world is over populated
  • Technology --> more technological advances --> need more natural resources to provide energy
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Uses of the Amazon

- An ecosystem is a mixture of plants & animals working together in a natural environment.

- Deforestation is the cutting down or burning of trees and plants over a wide area.

Actions in the Amazon:

  • Logging
  • Extraction of minerals
  • Cattle Ranching
  • Engineering projects

Groups in the Amazon:

  • Researchers/Scientists - want to study life/ecosystems, against above actions
  • Commercial companies - want to make money, for the above actions, expanding business, provides jobs
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Rainforest depletion and how we can help...

Desertification --> habitats die --> more carbon dioxide released

- Stewardship = people who use natural environments understand what it needs to survive

- Sustainable development = making use of resources without harming environment


  • Yanomani, take what they need without damaging the rainforest
  • Original and natural
  • Hard to achieve

Sustainable development:

  • Making some areas untouchable
  • Governments need to restrict things to help their country
  • Make use of the forest that you have already used
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Case studies - ARPA and Stewardship


  • Amazon Region Protected Areas program
  • Agreement signed by President Cardoso, Brazil
  • $81 million donated so far
  • Used to buy surveillance equipment to stop illegal poaching and logging
  • Allows endangered plants and animals to have a secure habitat
  • Protects plants that make up half of our modern day medicines

Environmental Stewardship:

  • New type of scheme
  • Supporters farmers who make good use of their land
  • Wants to - Conserve wildlife/Maintain landscape/Protect natural resources
  • Farmers are given money or resources
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How are natural resources exploited? Case study -

Aral Sea:

  • used to be 66,100km squard
  • Soviet Government cut off water supply from local rivers
  • sea level fell by 14 metres
  • climate change - winters warmer and summers cooler
  • desertification
  • diseases became more prominent from polluted water

Overexploitatoon of fish:

  • there is now more demand for fish
  • oceans are of ecological importance
  • overfishing to make more money
  • most of the fish caught are young, meaning they will not reproduce
  • taking more fish than are able to produce in a given time frame
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Pollution of the oceans

Pollution = Any substances in water, soil or air which damage the natural quality of the environment.

- Land/industry/domestic waste = sewage, agricultural waste, food and drink

- Atmosphere = vehicles/fires/gases/dust

- Off shore production = oil/gas extraction

- Dumping at sea = disposal by barges/ bilge/dreging/ships rubbish

- Marine transport = pleasure boating/cargo spills/oil leaks

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Development of tourism

  • Imporve lifestyle - more jobs/better health and education/expanding businesses
  • Develop economy - raises wages/produces jobs/outside investment/ development in industry
  • Protection of places of beauty and interest


  • essential
  • more air pollution/greenhouse gases produced
  • changes to the ecology of the area


  • costal areas that were mainly undeveloped until recently
  • local people are often moved or left with little resources
  • sewage is dumped in the sea
  • builing that tourism demands creates pollution as well as water, electricity and plumbing having to be installed
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Pressure groups

Union of Concerned Scientists

  • experts in what they talk about
  • from USA
  • produce publications for the public and media
  • hard to challenge them

Friends of the Earth

  • first pressure group in UK
  • campaign/fundraising/advertising


  • best known pressure group in UK
  • make headline news with dramatic stories
  • unusual and risky methods
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Pros and cons of leisure and tourism


  • money
  • jobs
  • investment
  • increase property values
  • improve lifestyle
  • protect areas


  • pollution
  • destroy local area through building
  • over crowding
  • changing culture
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Climate change

- Floods/heatwaves/gales/droughts/forest fires/snow have become more frequent since 1980's.

- Effects include ruined homes and businesses as well as people sometimes being left physically hurt.

Droughts in Southern Africa:

  • short term = no water making it difficult to survive
  • long term = crops don't grow, meaning countries have to import food

Slowing climate change;

  • we should recycle/use less electricity/run eletric cars
  • we need more renewable energy sources such as wind turbines and solar panels
  • more nuclear power stations
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More about Greenpeace

- International environmental organisation since 1971


  • Against ESSO - large amounts of fuel are causing global warming
  • Local issue - shut down SELCHP incinerator in South London for 4 days
  • National issue - published 'zero waste' report for Britain to become rubbish free
  • International issue - Greenland, visited isolated communities using dogs and sleds


  • One of the biggest campaigns that they are working on
  • Campaigning against third runway at Heathrow
  • Have bought piece of land where the proposed runway is to be
  • If the expansion took place, Heathrow would be the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions in the UK
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National Parks

- Large area of the countryside that are protected, to preserve and care for the environment.

- Popular tourist destination, making lots of money

- Over 3500 footpaths that are used regularly, leading to erosion

- Orienteering leads to habitats being disturbed.

- Sometimes damage to lifestock and wild animals, such as glass scatterd across the park.

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thank you so much, could do with more details

but thanx for sharing



I downloaded the MP3 thing and i always listen to it on my laptop it a good thing epically if your one of those people who listen to music it a great thing to use. :)  

Haider Ali





that was great helped me a lot thanx could u do more for the other topics such as culture and beliefs

Joshua Bell


Thanks for puting it in plan english




Sarim Syed


if you could, please also put some of the exam question too.



exams tmrw it helped quite a bit thanks could do with more details though :P **

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