Enlish Language Exams GCSE Argue, Pursade, Advice, Inform, Explain, Describe

These cards offer halp and advice for the reading, writing and poetry sections of the english GCSE's

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  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 06-11-09 15:13

General Tips

  • Suit your Writing (what is the purpose? what is the Audience?)
  • Use the correct Languge/ Tone
  • Communicate ideas clerly and Logically
  • Use Varied Vocabulary
  • Vary Linguistic Devices
  • Use Sentances and Paragraphs
  • Use Structural Features (conclution, introduction...)
  • Check all Spellings
  • Check the use of Punctuation
  • Use the correct grammatical Structures
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  • Good understanding of Purpose and audience shown in writing
  • Well structured-paragraphs used to aid understanding
  • Developed, sophisticated vocabulary


  • Effective and Consistant writing for purpose and audience
  • Carefully structured to aid understanding and impact
  • Sentance structure controlled with effective use of sophisticated vocabulary


  • Carefully crafted writing for purpose and audience
  • Fluent and Controlled
  • Range of sophisticated Punctuation and carefully selected vocabulary used to achieve effect
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Writing Basics

For both sections (writing to inform explain describe and writing to argue pursuade advice) you get 45 minites

3 Steps to success

  • PlanSpend 5 minites planning points and order
  • Writing Your Response-This should take about 35 minites
  • CheckingSpend 5 minitesCheck spellings and make improvements to language, tachniques...


  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Paragraphs
  • Better opening/ Conclution
  • Variety of Punctuation/words?
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Writing to Argue

  • Use clear Logical Points
  • Use Facts opinions, and Examples
  • Use Emotive or Humorous Language
  • Use Retohical Questions
  • Use "we" to associate with the reader
  • Use a Counter argument to show you have considered other views
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Features/Techniqwues of Writing to Argue

  • Formal Language
  • Balanced Sentances
  • Poeples Opinions (could be made up)
  • Examples or Situations
  • Range and Variety of Points
  • Attack opposite view
  • A neat Conclution
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Argue-Example Language

  • The most Important aspect
  • Sometime
  • On the other hand
  • Firstly
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • On Balance
  • Moreover
  • Despite the View That
  • You may think
  • Research Shows
  • The evidence proves
  • Another factor to consider is
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Writing to Persuade

  • The aim is to convince the reader
  • Use interesting adjectives and verbs
  • Use second Person (you)
  • Emotive use of Language and Repitition
  • Possibly shock the reader
  • Use "we" or "our"
  • Use Tercniques like rule of 3 alliteration and short sentances
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Persuasive Language

  • Some People think...
  • It would be useful to consider...
  • In my Experience..
  • Common sence dictates...
  • History Demonstrates..
  • Imaginge what would happen if...
  • I have no doubt that...
  • I am sure you will agree..
  • All reasonable people believe...
  • There can only be one conclution...
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Persuasive Techniques

  • Facts and Statisics
  • Examples and Anecdotes
  • Logically Organised Ideas
  • Use Conjunctions (so, therefore, however)
  • Adverbs (inevitably, certainly)
  • Quotations from important organisations
  • Memorable slogans
  • Alliteration
  • Similies and Metaphores
  • Lists of 3
  • Repeated sentace structures
  • Speak Directly to the Reader (you)
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Writing to advice

  • You should aim to reassure and challenge
  • Takes a number of differant forms
  • Imperative and model Verbs are often used
  • Use a range of vocabulary and Sentance Structures.
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Features/ Techniques for writing to Advice

  • Formal Language
  • Establish a relationship with the audience
  • Provide Reasons
  • Empathise with the readers problem
  • Give a range of suggestions
  • Use Model Verbs (could, should, might)
  • Build the readers confidence
  • Adress the Reader personally (you)
  • Ise Imperatives and commands (you should, make sure that you..)
  • Raise questions and give arnswers
  • Use Bullet Pointed Lists
  • Use a Clear Conclution
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Language to Advise

  • You might be a le to...
  • Have you Thought about...
  • I undersatnd that you feel...
  • Onbe solution might be...
  • I think that you should...
  • Be confident about...
  • Make sure that you...
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Writing To advise Continued..

  • Use Subheadimgs to seperate points (if appropriate for purpose)
  • Use questions as sub headings
  • Answer questions directly
  • Deal with each point in a simple sentance, then elaborate
  • Use "you" and "your"
  • Use sentance Structures such as "If... then you should..."
  • Use good Vocabulary
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Writing to Inform

  • The aim is to Tell the reader Something
  • Organise Ideas coherently in Linked Paragraphs
  • Informative writing can be personal and sometimes tells you something about the reader
  • To make it effective it is important, how you express your ideas
  • Writing should be lively and interesting
  • Express yourself Clearly
  • Choose Vocabulary Clearly
  • Make work organised and Structured
  • Work detailed and points well developed
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Features for writing to Inform

  • Clear Introduction
  • Provide Context for what you are writing
  • Look at differant aspects of the topic
  • Use Detail
  • Logical Organisation
  • Use of Persoanl Experience
  • Present Tense
  • Links Between Paragraphs
  • Unusual and Interesting Details on the Topic
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Language for Writing to Inform

  • There are many kinds of...
  • The one i am most interested in is...
  • The pleasure I find...
  • The excitemnet lies in...
  • By far the most interesting aspect is...
  • In order to begin you need to...
  • Make sure that you...
  • Some people enjoy...
  • Other kinds of...
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Writing to Explain

  • You have to give answers to how? and why?
  • Give detail in the explanation
  • Ask questions to generate Ideas
  • Give Examples
  • Use Punctuation
  • Mkae writing Interesting and Amusing
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Features for writing to explain

  • Range of Reasons
  • Appropriate Detail
  • Examples to support Explanation
  • Range of responses to How and Why
  • Points expanded and Linked
  • Adress the reader in a general way-you, people
  • Use simple presant tense
  • Use connectives
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Language to Explain

  • Because...
  • Another Reason...
  • Although...
  • The most Important...
  • Despite the fact that...
  • Later on I ...
  • Ad a result...
  • Consequently...
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Writing to Describe

  • You are trying to paint a picture with words
  • Use a range of Techniques
  • Structure Ideas Carefully
  • Describe the atmosphere
  • Use a range of Vocaba dn sentance structure
  • effective discription depends on thoughtful and original language
  • use similies and metaphores
  • keep reader interested using vocabulary
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Features for writing to Describe

  • Wide range of Appropriate detail
  • Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Colour
  • Senses;sight, smell, touch, texture, taste, sound
  • Use words to convey feelings and atmosphere
  • Metaphor/similie maybe personification
  • personal reactions
  • variation of sentance length and type
  • rich and varied vocabulary
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Thx thats's helpful



hi, Lol i am doing last minute revision i have been looking for this for hours :P

Oh well thanks for sharing this now i am ready for my

Writing to inform, explain and describe exam not sure which one to do though?



how do i print this out..its really good info

Debbie Preston


When I click the 'printable PDF' thingy, it says that there is an error... how do I print / save it?But it looks really good! =]



wow thta is soo good certainly leanrt sumat




this is brilliant thanx



their are some... interesting spelling mistakes... lols... very useful however XD

Hassan Iqbal


Thanks this is really helpful



thanks , this is really good :)



this is really good!
ironic how it tells you to check your spelling though when there are many spelling mistakes! hahaa :))







 good info, and dont worrry the spelling doesnt bother me, they are only small mistakes!!

Carishma Hirani


thank you so much!!! This was reallly useful, i am resiting the exam in 7 days and need to improve my result by at least 4 grades. :/ but this has really helped!!


ps. there are a few tyrping errors on quite a few slides

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